An open pleural biopsy is a procedure to remove and examine the tissue that lines the inside of the chest. This tissue is called the pleura.
Biopsy - open pleura
How the test is performed
An open pleural biopsy is done in the hospital using general anesthesia , which means you are asleep and do not feel pain during the surgery. A tube will be placed down your throat to help you breathe.
The surgeon will make a small cut in the left or right side of the chest.
The ribs are gently separated and a piece of tissue is taken from the chest area.
Several pieces of tissue are usually taken, and are sent to a laboratory for examination.
After surgery, the wound is closed with stitches.
Your surgeon may decide to leave a small plastic tube in your chest to prevent air and fluid from building up
Today, most centers use a technique called video-assisted thoracoscopy, which uses a camera and tiny instruments ...
TMD; Temporomandibular joint disorders; Temporomandibular muscle disorders
Symptoms associated with TMJ disorders may be:
Biting or chewing difficulty or discomfort
Clicking, popping, or grating sound when opening or closing the mouth
Dull, aching pain in the face
Jaw pain or tenderness of the jaw
Reduced ability to open or close the mouth
Signs and tests
You may need to see more than one medical specialist for your TMJ pain and symptoms, such as your primary care provider, a dentist, or an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) doctor, depending on your symptoms.
A thorough examination may involve:
A dental examination to show if you have poor bite alignment
Feeling the joint and connecting muscles for tenderness
Pressing around the head for areas that are sensitive or painful
Sliding the teeth from side to side
Watching, feeling, and...
If you are reading this, someone close to you lives with and suffers from fibromyalgia (FM). Since FM is invisible, many find it hard to believe that it is a real illness or that anyone could really hurt that much all the time. Unfortunately, this is one of the main reasons that fibromyalgia is so often misunderstood, misdiagnosed and not properly treated. Fibromyalgia is a central nervous system disorder that has three primary components: pain, fatigue and sleep problems. (1) Pain – The pain may vary in intensity and location, but it is present most, if not all, of the time. (2) Fatigue – The fatigue is not like the tiredness you might feel after working too hard or overdoing it on a sports field. It's a pervasive, all-encompassing exhaustion – like someone pulled the plug on your energy source. (3) Sleep – The person with FM usually has difficulty sleeping. And even when they do finally sleep, they...
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