Life can be a pain in the groin. You hear about groin pain all the time if you watch enough football, baseball and basketball. But, you do not have to be an athlete to experience a pain in the area where the abdomen meets the legs. Actually, it is quite easy to understand why so many people experience groin pain at some point in life because so much is happening in that region of the body. Many different muscles attach in that area. The major bones of the spine, pelvis, and legs join in that area. And some very important internal organs lie nearby as well. With so much that can go wrong, it is no wonder why life can be a pain in the groin.
By far and away, the most common cause of groin pain is muscular. Did you ever wonder why a big 300 pound lineman could hit the ground and wince like a baby due to a groin injury? Hey, those muscles really can hurt. One muscle is the Iliopsoas which flexes the hip. Because of its deep position along the spine before it attaches in the groin, this muscle can also be painful during bowel movements. Another muscle commonly injured is the Adductor Magnus. This muscle sounds big because it is big. The Adductor muscle "adducts" the hip by moving the leg inwards towards the midline. Because of its large mass, the pain from this muscle can be far reaching into the groin and throughout the pelvis. Bicyclist commonly experience pain in the Adductor Magnus. Other muscles that cause pain in the groin include some of the abdominal muscles and a little known muscle called the Pectineus (squeeze your thighs together you may feel it). Yep, all of these muscles can make a grown man cry.
Pregnancy would make a grown man cry too. All the structural changes that occur during pregnancy wreck havoc on a woman's body, especially the pelvis. Two common conditions during pregnancy can cause groin pain. First, the notorious round ligament pain is frequently felt in the groin. As the ligaments that support the uterus strain to hold up the increasing weight of the baby, pain can be felt shooting from the pelvis into the groin. These ligaments are not the only ligaments under a great deal of stress during pregnancy. The pelvic ring contains some tiny ligaments holding together an important joint called the Symphysis Pubis. This joint can become quite painful and a source of groin discomfort in a condition called Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction. Both the round ligaments and the pelvic ring are common sources of groin pain during pregnancy.
Besides pregnancy related groin pain, many other skeletal sources of groin pain exist and affect both men and women. The spine, the hip, and the pelvis are important areas to be examined when someone has pain in the area where the legs attach to the rest of the body. Some people do not realize that hip joint pain is felt in the groin, thinking that the buttocks or Greater Trochanters represent the location of the hip joints. Hip impingement syndrome and hip osteoarthritis are major sources of groin pain, yet can be overlooked. Do not be fooled, diagnosing groin pain requires a thorough examination of many different body parts.