The role of genetics in developing chronic pain is still being researched and better understood. However, there is a tentative belief that a genetic risk factor may exist. Also being examined is the genetics behind the actual condition - the biology of chronic pain. In this case, certain genes and hormones seem to be behind pain.
An intrathecal opioid pump is really not something that you would wish for your BFF or your worst enemy. That special someone would have to be in a pretty dire situation in order to receive a pump. Once the pump is in place, that person is still probably in miserable pain just at a slightly lesser degree. However, now that person is dealing with…