One thing that always makes me wince is a news story about some new oral diabetes drug that the reporter says promises to free people with diabetes from “painful insulin injections.”
When I was a child, immunizations were painful. They were injected into a muscle, and after getting booster shots, my arm would ache for a day or two. The sight of the syringe with its big needle was frightening. The only good thing about getting immunizations was the treat we were given if we didn’t fuss. I remember being taken to the Elizabeth Taylor movie National Velvet, a big treat, as in those days we didn’t have TV and going to a movie was rare.
But most injections today are a totally different story. For one thing injections for diabetes, like insulin, are given subcutaneously, meaning they’re injected into the fat layer under the skin. And the needles used these days are extremely thin, so we hardly feel the shots at all.
One exception is the onc...
<p><strong>What Is Diabetes?</strong></p>
<p>Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder with abnormally high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) as its most prominent feature. During intestinal digestion, carbohydrates and proteins are broken down into simple sugars and amino acids, respectively. The liver converts all of the sugars and some of the amino acids into glucose, a simple sugar that is used for energy by every cell in the body.</p>
<p>Glucose passes from the bloodstream into the cells with the help of insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas (a pear-shaped organ located just below the stomach). By attaching to receptor sites on the surface membrane of a cell, insulin promotes the movement of glucose-transport proteins from the interior of the cell to its surface, where they bind with glucose and carry it into the cell. In diabetes mellitus, several problems may interfere with this process: pancreatic insulin production may be p...
There are a number of skin problems associated with diabetes , especially type 2 diabetes. For some people, skin problems are the first sign of diabetes. Most of these conditions are easily treatable, especially when caught and treated early. Keeping your glucose stable and proper skin care are the best ways to prevent skin problems.
Anyone can get bacterial infections of the skin, however, those with diabetes are more prone to these types of infections. The most common cause of bacterial infections is the Staphylococcus bacteria. They include:
Infections of hair follicles
Infections of the nails
Areas of infections are red, swollen and may be warm to the touch. They are usually painful.
Fungal infections cause rashes that may have small blisters and be scaly. They often are itchy. Fungal infections are most often found in moist folds of the skin, such as between toes and fingers, in the armpit and groin, under t...
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