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I suffer from reflux, underwent an upper GI series, and have been told that I have a paraesophageal hiatal hernia. I have an appointment with a gastroenterologist, but my internist said that I might need surgery. My symptoms aren't that bad. Should I be concerned?
Hiatal hernias are defects in the diaphragm that allow the stomach to slide up into the chest. While they can cause heartburn, generally this is controlled with medications and surgery is not needed. The stomach moves up through the diaphragm right underneath the esophagus. That type of hernia is called a sliding hiatal hernia. The much rarer type, paraesophageal hernia, occurs when the stomach goes through the diaphragm next to the esophagus. Paraesophageal hernias generally tend to enlarge with time, and sometimes the entire stomach is found within the chest. Most patients with a paraesophageal hernia remain asymptomatic. In this type of hernia, symptoms from acid reflux usually do not occur. Instead, the most commo...
Hernia repair is surgery to correct a hernia. A hernia is an abnormal bulging of internal organs, often the intestine, through a weakness in a muscular wall.
This article focuses on surgery to repair a hernia. For information on a specific type of hernia see:
Before surgery, you will be given a sedative to make you drowsy. A local or spinal numbing medicine (anesthesia) will be used so you do not feel pain during the procedure. In some cases, the procedure is done while you are under general anesthesia (unconscious and pain-free).
The surgeon makes a cut over the area of the hernia. The bulging tissue or organ is placed back inside the muscle wall, the muscle tissue is repaired, and the skin is closed. In many inguinal hernia repairs, a small piece of ...
A hernia is usually a sac formed by the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum). The sac comes through a hole or weak area in the fascia, the strong layer of the abdominal wall that surrounds the muscle.
The types of hernias are based on where they occur:
appears as a bulge in the upper thigh. This type is more common in women than men.
occurs in the upper part of the stomach.
Incisional hernia can occur through a scar if you have had abdominal surgery in the past.
Inguinal hernia appears as a bulge in the groin. This type is more common in men than women. The bulge may go all the way down into the scrotum.
appears as a bulge around the belly button. It occurs when the muscle around the navel doesn't close completely.
Hernia - inguinal; Inguinal hernia; Rupture; Strangulation; Incarceration
Causes, incidence, and ...
You should know
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