Plantar fasciitis is irritation and swelling of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The plantar fascia is a very thick band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes. This band of tissue is what creates the arch of the foot. When the fascia is overstretched or overused, it can become inflamed. When the fascia is inflamed, it can be painful and make walking more difficult.
Risk factors for plantar fasciitis include:
Foot arch problems (both flat feet and high arches)
Repetitive loading on the feet from long-distance running, especially running downhill or on uneven surfaces
Sudden weight gain
Tight Achilles tendon (the tendon connecting the calf muscles to the heel)
Shoes with poor arch support or soft soles
Plantar fasciitis typically affects active men ages 40 - 70.
This condition is one of the most common orthopedic complaints relating to the foot.
Nodular fasciitis is a benign , reactive proliferation of fibroblasts in the subcutaneous tissues and commonly associated with the deep fascia. It is also known as subcutaneous pseudosarcomatous fibromatosis, or proliferative fasciitis. A nodule is a palpable, solid lesion, 5 or 10 mm in diameter, that may or may not be elevated. Larger nodules (more than 20 mm) are classified as tumors. Nodular fasciitis is a benign proliferation of fibroblasts and myofibroblasts in the subcutaneous tissues. The lesions are generally small and solitary, arising commonly in the upper extremities of adults and in the head and neck region of infants and children. A history of trauma may precede these reactive lesions, but their cause is unknown. Physicians are often called upon to do excisional biopsies in the diagnosis of subcutaneous tumors. Benign fibrous tumors represent a group of clinical entities that are often difficult to diagnose. Nodular fasciitis is one such benign fibroblastic proliferation who...
Definition Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) injury is an injury to the ligament on the outer side of the knee. It can be a stretch, partial tear, or complete tear of the ligament. Alternative Names LCL injury; Knee injury - lateral collateral ligament (LCL) Considerations The lateral collateral ligament (LCL) goes from the top part of the fibula (the bone on the outside of the lower leg) to the outside part of the lower thigh bone. The ligament helps keep the outer side of the knee joint stable. Causes The LCL is usually injured by pressure or an injury that pushes the knee joint from the inside, which results in stress on the outside part of the joint.
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