Plantar fasciitis is irritation and swelling of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The plantar fascia is a very thick band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes. This band of tissue is what creates the arch of the foot. When the fascia is overstretched or overused, it can become inflamed. When the fascia is inflamed, it can be painful and make walking more difficult.
Risk factors for plantar fasciitis include:
Foot arch problems (both flat feet and high arches)
Repetitive loading on the feet from long-distance running, especially running downhill or on uneven surfaces
Sudden weight gain
Tight Achilles tendon (the tendon connecting the calf muscles to the heel)
Shoes with poor arch support or soft soles
Plantar fasciitis typically affects active men ages 40 - 70.
This condition is one of the most common orthopedic complaints relating to the foot.
Ah, the holidays. It is a time when many of us revert to our stereotypical roles. The men are in the family room watching the latest bowl game, and the women are in the kitchen cooking. But are some of those poor ladies cooking doing so on painful knees? And if so, what can the rest of us do--short of asking them to relax and not cook this holiday season? Some of my colleagues at the recent American College of Rheumatology meeting in Boston earlier this month suggest that we take their shoes. Data presented at the meeting confirmed what we all know: footwear has an impact on the feet, and on the amount of force the knees experience as a person strolls along through life, according to researchers at Rush University Medical College in Chicago. The researchers analyzed how research subjects with osteoarthritis of the knee walked, first barefoot, then with two stability shoes (Dansko clogs and Brooks Addiction shoes), flip-flops and flexible walkin...
Symptoms Bone pain or tenderness Carpal tunnel syndrome Numbness or tingling in one or both hands Pain in one or both hands Weakness in one or both hands Muscle weakness Tenderness and swelling of the arms and legs (occasionally including joints) Thickened skin with puckered appearance Signs and tests Tests that may be done include: Gamma globulins (a type of immune system cell) Erythrocyte sedimentation rate ( ESR ) MRI Muscle biopsy Skin biopsy
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