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Alternative Names Neuropathy - common peroneal nerve; Peroneal nerve injury; Peroneal nerve palsy Symptoms Decreased sensation , numbness or tingling in the top of the foot or the outer part of the upper or lower leg Weakness of the ankles or feet Walking abnormalities "Slapping" gait (walking pattern in which each step taken makes a slapping noise) Foot drop (unable to hold foot horizontal) Toes drag while walking Signs and tests Examination of the legs may show a loss of muscle control over the legs (usually the lower legs) and feet. The foot or leg muscles may atrophy (lose mass). There is difficulty with dorsiflexion (lifting up the foot and toes) and with eversion (toe-out movements). Muscle biopsy or a nerve biopsy may confirm the disorder, but they are rarely necessary. Tests of nerve activity include: EMG (electromyography, a test of electrical activity in muscles) Nerve conduction tests MRI to look for compressive lesion along nerve Other tests are determined by the suspected cause of the ne...
Hammer toe is a deformity of the toe, in which the end of the toe is bent downward.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Hammer toe usually affects the second toe. However, it may also affect the other toes. The toe moves into a claw-like position.
The most common cause of hammer toe is wearing short, narrow shoes that are too tight. The toe is forced into a bent position. Muscles and tendons in the toe tighten and become shorter.
Hammer toe is more likely to occur in:
Women who wear shoes that do not fit well or have high heels
Children who keep wearing shoes they have outgrown
The condition may be present at birth (congenital) or develop over time.
In rare cases, all of the toes are affected. This may be caused by a problem with the nerves or spinal cord.
Alternative Names Neuropathy - tibial nerve Symptoms Sensation changes on the bottom of the foot
Numbness , tingling, or other abnormal sensations
Pain Weakness of the knee or foot, difficulty with walking Signs and tests Neuromuscular examination of the legs shows tibial nerve dysfunction. There may be weakness or inability to push the foot downward (plantar flexion). Severe cases may cause wasting of the foot muscles and foot deformity. Tests that reveal tibial nerve dysfunction may include: EMG (a recording of electrical activity in muscles) Nerve conduction tests (recording of electrical activity along the nerve) Nerve biopsy Tests are done based on the suspected cause of the dysfunction suggested by the patient's history, symptoms, and pattern of symptom development. They may include various blood tests, x-rays, scans, or other tests.
You should know
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