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Years ago a landmark study proved that not all pinched nerves hurt. By looking at multiple cadavers, researchers found many flattened, pinched, crushed nerves that caused no evidence of pain in the person's medical records (Neary and Ochoa 1975). That really puzzled the medical community because the popular thought, at the time, was that all pinched nerves hurt . Since that theory was disproven, scientists have been trying to explain why some nerve damage hurts and some does not.
Within the past 15 years, many studies have shown the effects of inflammation on the nerve. Without any source of physical, mechanical pinching, a nerve can be damaged by the inflammatory chemicals. Such chemicals are equivalent to throwing acid on a nerve. That is why steroid injections work. The steroids block the chemical reaction and cool the nerve. However, some people know that even injections do not help all types of nerve pain. So, there must be more to this puzzle; inflammation is not the only...
Hammer toe is a deformity of the toe, in which the end of the toe is bent downward.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Hammer toe usually affects the second toe. However, it may also affect the other toes. The toe moves into a claw-like position.
The most common cause of hammer toe is wearing short, narrow shoes that are too tight. The toe is forced into a bent position. Muscles and tendons in the toe tighten and become shorter.
Hammer toe is more likely to occur in:
Women who wear shoes that do not fit well or have high heels
Children who keep wearing shoes they have outgrown
The condition may be present at birth (congenital) or develop over time.
In rare cases, all of the toes are affected. This may be caused by a problem with the nerves or spinal cord.
When the pain and disability from arthritis get too much to bear, a person may decide to look for solutions. My husband is one such person who has just decided to do something about the pain which began eight years ago. His right wrist is severely afflicted with a "bone on bone" case of osteoarthritis. Being a right handed man, the pain started to interfere with daily activities like writing, eating and dressing years ago. But he is a very accepting man who decided to just live with it. An occasional anti-inflammatory medication or acetaminophen was all that was needed to keep going. On one occasion, the pain in his wrist was so severe that he could not hold onto a fork and required a steroid injection - but this was far from a regular occurrence. As long as he was careful, he got by just fine.
In the past year, another problem with the wrist started to compound the problem. Numbness started to creep into his thumb and half of the fingers. One day while hunting for pheasants, h...
You should know
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