Definition Ankle pain involves any discomfort in one or both ankles. Alternative Names Pain - ankle; Sprain - ankle; Ankle sprain Common Causes Ankle pain is often due to an ankle sprain. An ankle sprain is an injury to the ligaments, which connect bones to one another. In most cases, the ankle is twisted inward, causing small tears in the ligaments. The tearing leads to swelling and bruising, making it difficult to bear weight on the joint. In addition to ankle sprains, ankle pain can be caused by: Damage or swelling of tendons (which join muscles to bone) or cartilage (which cushions joints) Infection in the ankle joint Osteoarthritis , gout , rheumatoid arthritis , Reiter syndrome , and other types of arthritis Problems in areas near the ankle that can cause you to feel pain in the ankle include: Blockage of blood vessels in the leg Heel pain or injuries Nerve injuries (such as tarsal tunnel syndrome or sciatica )
Look at your foot and ankle, without them you would not be able to walk to the store, dance to your favorite tune or drive a car. The foot and ankle are at times our only contact point with the earth and the things we do on earth. If something goes wrong with these important body parts, your whole world can fall apart.
Notice how complicated your foot is from heel to toes. Each foot has 28 bones and 30 joints ; now that is one complicated piece of equipment! Just above your foot is the ankle joint where the shinbone (tibia) rests on top of the talus (the uppermost foot bone). Because of the complicated anatomy and high degree of stress on the foot and ankle complex, this area has a frequent amount of over-diagnosed, under-diagnosed, and misdiagnosed conditions. You and your doctor need to understand that certain conditions can masquerade as others. Falling into a trap of an imposter can give you a never-ending cycle of unhappy feet.
Plantar Fasciitis is an over-diagnosed ...
Alternative Names Swelling of the ankles - feet - legs; Ankle swelling; Foot swelling; Leg swelling; Edema - peripheral; Peripheral edema Prevention Avoid sitting or standing without moving for prolonged periods of time. When flying, stretch your legs often and get up to walk when possible. When driving, stop to stretch and walk every hour or so. Avoid wearing restrictive clothing or garters around your thighs. Exercise regularly. Lose weight if you need to. References Goldman L. Approach to the patient with possible cardiovascular disease. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 48.
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