It is estimated that one in four adults (approximately 50 million) in the United States has elevated blood pressure – and more than 30 percent of them are unaware of it. Since people with hypertension may not exhibit any symptoms, their high blood pressure is often undiagnosed until complications occur. It has been proven that blood pressure screening facilitates early diagnosis and treatment. Proper treatment clearly reduces the risk of the complications associated with hypertension. Blood pressure Blood pressure is the force exerted against artery walls as blood is carried through the circulatory system. The measurement of force is made in relation to the heart's pumping activity, and is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). The higher number, or systolic pressure, is the measurement of pressure that occurs when the ventricle of the heart contracts or beats. The lower number, or diastolic pressure, is the measurement recorded between beats, while the heart is ...
<p><strong>What Is Hypertension? </strong></p>
<p>Hypertension (high blood pressure) is characterized by a persistent increase in the force that the blood exerts upon the walls of the arteries. It is normal for this force to increase with stress or physical exertion, but with hypertension, blood pressure is high even at rest.</p>
<p>Because blood pressure in the arteries rises and falls with each heartbeat, it is measured with two numbers: <strong>systolic</strong> (the top number in a reading) and <strong>diastolic</strong> (the bottom number). The systolic number reflects the force of blood against the arterial walls each time the heart contracts. Diastolic pressure refers to the pressure within the arteries as the heart relaxes and refills with blood (which explains why the diastolic number is always lower than the systolic measurement).</p>
<p>Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (abbr...
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High blood pressure or hypertension is a cardiovascular disease that is very difficult to detect. Medical professionals often diagnose high blood pressure when they are conducting regular annual checkups. The symptoms and signs of high blood pressure are extremely subtle; therefore, you may live with the disease for many years without knowing that you have it. Unfortunately, without detection, it can result in excruciating damage to your heart, blood vessels, kidneys and other parts of the body.
The damage that high blood pressure induces often leads to coronary heart disease , kidney failure or stroke . Medical experts sugge...
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