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This study continues the work already done investigating the use of botulinum type A toxin (Botox A) for relief of muscle pain. A specific Botox agent called Dysport ® was used in patients with upper back pain. Dysport® has a much higher biologically active dosage compared to Botox®. All patients had been diagnosed with a condition called myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). MPS is described as chronic muscle pain from shortened or contracted muscles. Trigger points (TrPs) are often part of the clinical picture. TrPs are areas of hyperirritable spots. When pressed or stimulated, TrPs cause a predictable pain pattern. Patients included were men and women between the ages of 18 and 70 years. All had MPS with at least 10 TrPs present in the neck or upper back. Symptoms had been reported for at least six months. Each patient was given a single injection of Dysport® into the 10 most painful TrPs. Pain level after five weeks was the main result measured. Change in pain intensity and number of pain-...
Anyone who's ever had an asthma attack knows about the chest tightness and why it occurs. Yet what about the chest soreness that occurs the next day? Why does asthma causes chest pain?
The interesting thing to note here is there are no pain receptors in your lungs!!! The reason asthma causes pain is because asthma causes you to breathe the wrong way.
Confused? Allow me to explain with a pithy lesson on how we breathe. (To learn why we breathe click here )
Breathing is the process of moving air into and out of the lungs. Breathing is one of the few bodily functions that can be done either consciously (you control it) or unconsciously (without thinking of it). Unconscious breathing : Most of the time you don't think about breathing, yet you continue to do it. This is an important safety net for life, because if we had to think about breathing 24-7 we'd accomplish little and most life would cease to exist. Air goes into your...
Definition Creatinine is a breakdown product of creatine, which is an important part of muscle. This article discusses the laboratory test to measure the amount of creatinine in the blood. Creatinine can also be measured with a urine test. See: Creatinine - urine Alternative Names Serum creatinine How the test is performed Blood is drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is cleaned with germ-killing medicine (antiseptic). The health care provider wraps an elastic band around the upper arm to apply pressure to the area and make the vein swell with blood. Next, the health care provider gently inserts a needle into the vein. The blood collects into an airtight vial or tube attached to the needle. The elastic band is removed from your arm. Once the blood has been collected, the needle is removed, and the puncture site is covered to stop any bleeding. In infants or young children, a sharp tool called a lancet may be used to puncture the skin and mak...
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