Most people would be surprised to know that total hip replacements (THRs) have been around since the 1930s. Today's successful use of THRs reflects the many implant changes in design and materials that have taken place since those early attempts. In this article, orthopedic surgeons from the New York University Hospital for Joint Diseases review the history of THRs up to and including today's surface replacement arthroplasty (SRA). SRA is a type of hip replacement that replaces the arthritic surface of the joint. But it removes far less bone than the traditional total hip replacement. Because the hip resurfacing removes less bone, it may be preferable for younger patients who are expected to need a revision (second) hip replacement surgery as they get older and wear out the original implant. The surface replacement arthroplasty (SRA) is done by dislocating the femoral head out of the socket. Special powered instruments are used to shape the bone of the femoral head so that the new meta...
A recent study revealed that percutaneous disc decompression resulted in significant relief for painful herniated discs in sciatica patients for up to two years. The results of this first-of-its-kind study, conducted at the University of Athens in Greece, were presented at the Radiological Society of North America's 95th Annual Meeting earlier this month. Study Methods This was a randomized, controlled study that compared standard conservative therapy to the minimally invasive treatment known as percutaneous disc decompression. Subjects were divided into two groups, each containing 17 men and 14 women who complained of back and leg pain and were confirmed to have herniated discs and sciatica. Both groups had tried various conservative treatments in the past which were unsuccessful. The first group received six weeks of rigorous conservative therapy, which included analgesics, muscle relaxants and anti-inflammatory medications. The second group ...
Spongy degeneration of the brain; Aspartoacylase deficiency
Treatment mostly aims to ease the symptoms of the disease. Lithium and other drugs are being investigated.
Additional information and resources are available from:
Canavan Foundation: www.canavanfoundation.org
Jacob's Cure: www.jacobscure.org
With Canavan disease, the central nervous system breaks down. Patients are likely to become disabled.
Death often occurs before 18 months of age. However, some patients live until they are teenagers or, rarely, young adults.
This is often a fatal disorder. It includes severe disabilities such as:
Inability to walk
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if your child has any symptoms of Canavan disease.
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