FROM OUR EXPERTS
The FDA recently announced increased safety warnings for those taking cholesterol lowering drugs , saying that they can cause memory loss, confusion and an increased risk of Type 2 diabetes . Diabetes increases the risk for Alzheimer’s disease . The new warnings are based on results from the latest clinical trials, plus adverse effects reported by patients, physicians and the drug companies.
Many of our aging parents are on a statin drug to control cholesterol . Keeping low density cholesterol (LDL) under control is thought to help prevent heart attacks and strokes. The drugs are generally effective in lowering cholesterol.
It was first thought that the main risk for those who took statins was liver damage, so blood work was needed on a regular basis to check for liver problems. Now, that seems to be less of a worry. However, these new warnings are a big concern for people keeping an eye on a loved one at risk for dementia.
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Treatment The immediate goals are to treat diabetic ketoacidosis and high blood glucose levels. Because type 1 diabetes can start suddenly and have severe symptoms, people who are newly diagnosed may need to go to the hospital. The long-term goals of treatment are to: Prolong life Reduce symptoms Prevent diabetes-related complications such as blindness, heart disease, kidney failure, and amputation of limbs These goals are accomplished through: Blood pressure and cholesterol control Careful self testing of blood glucose levels Education Exercise Foot care Meal planning and weight control Medication or insulin use There is no cure for diabetes. Treatment involves medicines, diet, and exercise to control blood sugar and prevent symptoms. LEARN THESE SKILLS Basic diabetes management skills will help prevent the need for emergency care. These skills include: How to recognize and treat low blood sugar ( hypoglycemia ) and high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) What to eat and when How to take insulin or oral medicat...
Alternative Names Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma; Nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma (NKHHC); Hyperosmolar nonketotic coma (HONK) Symptoms Coma Confusion Convulsions Increased thirst Increased urination (at the beginning of the syndrome) Lethargy Nausea Weakness Weight loss Symptoms may get worse over a period of days or weeks. Other symptoms that may occur with this disease: Dysfunctional movement Loss of feeling or function of muscles Speech impairment Signs and tests Signs may include: Extreme dehydration High temperature -- higher than 38 degrees Centigrade (100.4 degrees Fahrenheit) Increased heart rate Low systolic blood pressure Test results include: High serum osmolarity (concentration) Higher than normal BUN and creatinine Higher than normal serum sodium Mild ketone buildup (ketosis) Very high blood glucose Evaluation for possible causes may include: Blood cultures Chest x-ray Electrocardiogram (ECG) Urinalysis
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