Spondylolisthesis (spaun-di-lo-lie-thee-sis) is a mouthful and is a common cause of low back pain (although it can exist anywhere in the spine, the lumbar spine is the most common area affected). The spinal column is a series of building blocks called vertebral bodies stacked on top of one another. Sometimes these blocks do not line up perfectly. This slight separation in the spinal column is called a spondylolisthesis .
"Doc says I have a spondy-something-or-other. Don't ask me what it is; all I know is that it hurts". Steve tries to explain his low back condition to his friend. But, he finds that he cannot explain what he does not understand. Steve has had back pain for a number of years. Every year the pain gets worse and has now become constant. His doctor sent him for x-rays recently. The x-rays showed a spondylolisthesis with disc degeneration at L5/S1. Steve could not understand his doctor's explanation of the condition. So, now he has pain and has confusion.
A friend of mine who is well past the menopause transition recently let us know that she wasn't feeling good. She complained about a severe pain in her abdomen, eventually contacting her health care provider. Eventually, the pain went away and she now believes that she passed a kidney stone.
After doing a little research, I learned some that postmenopausal women do have issues with kidney stones. Current estimates are the kidney stones affect between 5-7 percent of U.S. postmenopausal women. And a 2010 study out of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center found that the use of estrogen therapy by postmenopausal women might increase the risk of developing kidney stones by approximately 20 percent.
What Are Kidney Stones?
The Mayo Clinic reports that kidney stones are not linked to one definitive cause. They form when urine contains more crystal –forming substances (uric acid, calcium and oxalate) than the fluid in the urine can dilute. Furthermore, the ur...
<p><strong>What Are Kidney Stones?</strong></p>
<p>Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi, form when substances (such as calcium oxalate) in the urine concentrate and coalesce into hard, solid lumps in the kidney. Calcium-containing stones are the most common, accounting for about 70 to 80 percent of renal calculi (most of these consist of calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate). Other stones are composed of uric acid or a combination of magnesium, ammonium, and phosphate.</p>
<p>During the production of urine, the two kidneys regulate the fluid and electrolyte balance in the body and filter wastes out of the blood. Urine collects in the portion of the kidney known as the renal pelvis; the urine then passes from the kidney to the bladder via a narrow tube called the ureter. Kidney stones may form in the renal pelvis, then pass through the ureter into the bladder before they are eliminated from the body with the urine. Some stones are so sm...
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