Definition Joint swelling is the buildup of fluid in the soft tissue surrounding the joint. Alternative Names Swelling of a joint Considerations Joint swelling may occur along with joint pain . The swelling may cause the joint to appear larger or abnormally shaped. Joint swelling can cause pain or stiffness. After an injury, swelling of the joint may mean you have a broken bone or a tear in the muscle tendon or ligament. Many different types of arthritis may cause swelling, redness, or warmth around the joint. An infection in the joint can cause swelling, pain, and fever. Common Causes Joint swelling may be caused many different things, including: Ankylosing spondylitis Gout Osteoarthritis Pseudogout Psoriatic arthritis Reactive arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis Septic arthritis Systemic lupus erythematosus
Alternative Names Swelling of the ankles - feet - legs; Ankle swelling; Foot swelling; Leg swelling; Edema - peripheral; Peripheral edema Prevention Avoid sitting or standing without moving for prolonged periods of time. When flying, stretch your legs often and get up to walk when possible. When driving, stop to stretch and walk every hour or so. Avoid wearing restrictive clothing or garters around your thighs. Exercise regularly. Lose weight if you need to. References Goldman L. Approach to the patient with possible cardiovascular disease. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 48.
Swelling, also called edema, happens when fluid builds up in body tissues.
Swelling is a common side effect of many breast cancer treatments:
Arimidex (chemical name: anastrozole)
Aromasin (chemical name: exemestane)
Femara (chemical name: letrozole)
Evista (chemical name: raloxifene)
Fareston (chemical name: toremifene)
Faslodex (chemical name: fulvestrant)
Other medicines you may be taking during treatment, including pain medications, bisphosphonates (bone-strengthening medications), and steroids also can cause swelling.
If the swelling is severe, accompanied by pain, or if your arm starts to swell after surgery (which could be a sign of arm lymphedema ), talk to your doctor right away. This type of swelling could be a sign of infection or other serious condition and needs to be treated as soon as possible.
If your swelling is mild, try these tips to ease it:
Elevate the swollen area . If poss...
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