Definition Injury to the kidney and ureter is damage to these organs of the upper urinary tract. Alternative Names Kidney damage; Toxic injury of the kidney; Kidney injury; Traumatic injury of the kidney; Fractured kidney; Inflammatory injury of the kidney; Bruised kidney; Ureteral injury Causes, incidence, and risk factors The kidneys are located in the flank (back of the upper abdomen at either side of the spinal column). They are deep in the abdomen and are protected by the spine, lower rib cage, and strong muscles of the back. This location protects the kidneys from many outside forces. The kidneys are well-padded for a reason -- they have a large blood supply. Injury can lead to severe bleeding. Kidneys may be injured by damage to the blood vessels that supply or drain them, including: Aneurysm Arterial blockage Arteriovenous fistula Renal vein thrombosis (clotting) Trauma Kidney injuries may also be caused by: Angiomyolipoma, a noncancerous tumor Autoimmune disorders Bladder outlet obstruction C...
Acute renal arterial thrombosis; Renal artery embolism; Acute renal artery occlusion; Embolism - renal artery
When one kidney does not function, you may not have symptoms because the second kidney can filter the blood.
If the other kidney is not fully functioning, blockage of the renal artery may cause symptoms of acute kidney failure . Other symptoms of acute arterial occlusion of the renal artery include:
Abrupt decrease in urine output
Blood in the urine
or pain in the side
Note: There may be no pain. Pain, if it is present, usually develops suddenly.
Signs and tests
The doctor will likely not be able to identify the problem by simply examining you, unless you have had the disorder long enough to cause kidney failure.
Duplex Doppler ultrasound exam of the renal arteries to test blood flow
A friend of mine who is well past the menopause transition recently let us know that she wasn't feeling good. She complained about a severe pain in her abdomen, eventually contacting her health care provider. Eventually, the pain went away and she now believes that she passed a kidney stone.
After doing a little research, I learned some that postmenopausal women do have issues with kidney stones. Current estimates are the kidney stones affect between 5-7 percent of U.S. postmenopausal women. And a 2010 study out of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center found that the use of estrogen therapy by postmenopausal women might increase the risk of developing kidney stones by approximately 20 percent.
What Are Kidney Stones?
The Mayo Clinic reports that kidney stones are not linked to one definitive cause. They form when urine contains more crystal –forming substances (uric acid, calcium and oxalate) than the fluid in the urine can dilute. Furthermore, the ur...
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