Shock - cardiogenic
Cardiogenic shock is a medical emergency. Treatment requires hospitalization, usually in the Intensive Care Unit. The goal of treatment is to identify and treat the cause of shock in order to save your life.
Medications may be needed to increase blood pressure and improve heart function, including:
When a heart rhythm disturbance (dysrhythmia) is serious, urgent treatment may be needed to restore a normal heart rhythm. This may include:
Electrical "shock" therapy (defibrillation or cardioversion)
Implanting a temporary pacemaker
Medications given through a vein (intravenous)
You may receive pain medicine if necessary. Bed rest is recommended to reduce demands on the heart.
Receiving oxygen, either by a nasal tube or mask over the mouth, lowers the workload of the heart by reducing tissue demands for blood flow.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) involves putting electrical currents into the tissues of the body. It may sound like a torture device. But it is actually used to treat pain. Doctors don't know exactly how it works. It is thought to create a sensation that overrides the pain sensation in the brain. These researchers tested TENS in patients who had a total knee replacement (TKR). TKR can be a very painful surgery. But medicine such as morphine shouldn't be heavily used in TKR patients. Too much morphine after surgery can cause other problems, such as nausea, vomiting, constipation, and reduced lung function. For this study, TKR patients were divided into three groups. For the first 24 hours after surgery, one group got the standard self-controlled doses of pain medicine. The second group got standard pain medicine plus TENS. The third group got pain medicine and false TENS treatments. (The wires were placed into the bandages rather than onto the body.) The researchers tr...
Definition Alternative Names Pain - heel Considerations Common Causes Most frequently heel pain is not the result of any single injury, such as a fall or twist, but rather the result of repetitive or excessive heel pounding. Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the thick connective tissue on the sole of your foot that attaches to your heel. The pain is usually felt at the bottom of your heel and is often worse in the morning because of stiffness that occurs overnight. The following increase your risk of developing this painful problem: Shoes with poor arch support or soft soles Quick turns that put stress on your foot Tight calf muscles Repetitive pounding on your feet from long-distance running, especially running downhill or on uneven surfaces Pronation -- landing on the outside of your foot and rolling inward when walking or running; to know if you pronate, check the soles of your shoes to see if they are worn along the outer edge Bone spurs in the heel can accompany plantar fasciitis, but are...
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