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Diagnosis PAD is greatly underdiagnosed. Many patients do not report symptoms, or may not even have symptoms. People should be checked for peripheral artery disease if they have leg pain during walking, or ulcers on their legs. Physical Examination The doctor should check for high blood pressure, heart abnormalities, blockage(s) in the artery in the neck, and abdominal aneurysms. The doctor should also examine the skin of the legs and feet for color changes, ulcers, infection, or injuries, and check the pulse of the arteries in the leg. Ankle-Brachial Index Intermittent claudication caused by peripheral artery disease is typically diagnosed using a calculation called the ankle-brachial index. This method also helps to diagnose PAD in patients without symptoms of intermittent claudication. The procedure is done as follows: The doctor or technician measures the systolic blood pressure of both arms while the patient is lying down. (The systolic pressure is the "top" number in a blood pressure m...
Groin pain is serious business for athletes trying to stay in the game. Hockey and soccer players are at greatest risk for adductor muscle strain but any athlete in any sport can be affected. The adductor muscles are located along the inner thigh. Adductor strain is a major cause of groin pain in athletes. The temptation to play through the pain can lead to worse problems later. How can these injuries be prevented? In this review article, a group of sports medicine professionals searched the available studies on the problem of groin injuries in sports. The group included physicians, physical therapists, and athletic trainers. The focus was on the six muscles of the adductor muscle group. They made it clear right from the start that ignoring muscle strains or getting the wrong treatment can turn a minor problem into a major one. Chronic pain, loss of muscle function, and the end of a promising sports career may be the final results. How can this be avoided? First, identify who's at risk....
Hi, for the past 6 months I have been getting really bad shooting pains in my head and face. It always starts in my temple and ends up at the top of my head, it also feels like my face is very tight when this happens. Though they last only seconds, I am getting several a day! I have told my doctor but to no avail. Can you help please? Melanie.
What you're describing could be ice pick headaches, but they don't generally start in one place, then move to another, and they generally don't occur in the face. You can read more about them in Ice Pick Headaches - The Basics .
You were quite right to see your doctor about these headaches. They need to be investigated and diagnosed. Unfortunately, not all doctors have the background to help. When your regular doctor can't help, it's best to consult a Migraine and headache specialist. It’s important to note that neurologists aren’t necessarily Migraine and headache speci...
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