During pre-op testing for my father’s back surgery, the EKG showed a “bundle.” What exactly is a bundle and what does it mean for his health?
The heart's electrical activity normally starts in the heart's natural pacemaker (called the sinoatrial node), which is situated on the upper right chamber of the heart (atrium). From there the electrical impulse travels to the left upper chamber (atrium) and into the atrioventricular (AV) node. Electrical impulses travel through certain cells that are specially designed for the purpose of carrying those impulses. They carry them faster than regular heart muscle cells and are located near one another. When there are many such cells together in a bunch we call this grouping a node. From the AV node the electrical impulse travels down the bundle of His and divides into the right and left bundle branches. When the electrical impulse carrying cells are arranged in a line to carry many impulses together we call this a bundle, if it is ...
I am 52, oxygen. asthema, and severe copd. I have started to have very sharp very painful stabbing pain on left side of my head temple area, almost above the ear. it stabs very quickly without warning. for a few seconds to a minute, then goes away for about 10 mintues and then it happens again. It started this morning. what can it be? Vonnie.
What you're describing could be ice pick headaches. You can find more information in Ice Pick Headaches - The Basics . That said, nobody can confirm that via the Internet, so you really should see your doctor about these pains.
Good luck, John Claude Krusz and Teri Robert
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Congestive heart failure - right-sided
Heart failure requires periodic monitoring by your health care provider. The goals of treatment include controlling the symptoms, reducing the heart's workload, and improving your heart's ability to function. Any underlying disorders and causes should be treated, if possible.
The most common therapy for right-sided heart failure is treating left-sided heart failure.
Valve replacements and procedures such as bypass surgery (CABG) and angioplasty are the solution for some people.
Generally, you must reduce the salt in your food and the amount of liquids you drink. You should also consider losing weight if you are overweight, stopping smoking, and avoiding too much alcohol.
Diuretics (water pills) can help reduce fluid accumulation. Furosemide or bumetanide can help moderate to severe symptoms. Hydrochlorothiazide, chlorthalidone, and chlorothiazide may be used for mil...
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