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Definition The tibia is the larger of two long bones in the lower leg (between the knee and ankle). It is sometimes called the shin bone. See also: Long bones Information
If you've ever had a broken bone, you know that there are several ways to repair the fracture. One way is to splint or cast the bone and wait for it to heal on it's own, or if the fracture is complex, surgery may be necessary where the option's for internal fixation would be, rods and screws, plates and screws, or pins and wires, and some require bone transplantation obtained usually from the hip (iliac crest) to fill the non union portion of the fracture. All of these approaches, aside from casting, involve surgery, a hospital stay of several days, physical therapy, bone graft site and surgical site healing.
When your surgeon harvests bone from your hip, an incision is made above the bone and then they extract and collect the bone with a drilling device. This approach has to heal just like the fracture repair portion and sometimes problems occur, like bone infection, delayed incision healing, and additional pain from the process of removing the necessary bone from your hip to ...
Bone graft material is used whenever there's a need for extra bone to support a fracture site or defect in the bone. It's easily available (taken from the patient's pelvic bone) and inexpensive. And it is bone inductive (fosters bone growth) to provide structural support to the damaged area. The downside is that the graft site can be painful for a very long time. In some cases, infection can delay recovery. Patients often report difficulty walking due to the pain. And the combination of pain and impaired walking result in loss of function. To help patients avoid the major and minor complications of bone graft, scientists are exploring the use of bone substitutes. One of those bone substitutes ( alpha-BSM ) is the subject of this study. Patients with an acute fracture of the tibial plateau were the subject of this multicenter study. Twelve study sites from around the North American continent were involved. The tibial plateau is the flat top of the upper portion of the tibia (lower leg bone...
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