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Definition A canker sore is a painful, open sore in the mouth. Canker sores are white or yellow and surrounded by a bright red area. They are not cancerous. A canker sore is not the same as a fever blister (cold sore). Alternative Names Aphthous ulcer; Ulcer - aphthous Causes, incidence, and risk factors Canker sores are a common form of mouth ulcer . They may occur with viral infections. In some cases, the cause cannot be determined. Canker sores may also be linked to problems with the body's immune (defense) system. The sores may occur after a mouth injury due to dental work, aggressive tooth cleaning, or biting the tongue or cheek. Canker sores can also be triggered by: Emotional stress Lack of certain vitamins and minerals in the diet (especially iron, folic acid , or vitamin B-12 ) Menstrual periods Hormonal changes Food allergies Anyone can develop a canker sore. Women are more likely to get them than men. Canker sores may run in families.
Mouth sores usually go away in 10 to 14 days, even if you don't do anything. They sometimes last up to 6 weeks. The following steps can make you feel better:
Avoid hot beverages and foods, spicy and salty foods, and citrus.
Gargle with cool water or eat popsicles. This is helpful if you have a mouth burn.
Take pain relievers like acetaminophen.
For canker sores:
Rinse with salt water.
Apply a thin paste of baking soda and water.
Mix 1 part hydrogen peroxide with 1 part water and apply this mixture to the sores using a cotton swab.
For more severe cases, treatments include fluocinonide gel (Lidex), anti-inflammatory amlexanox paste (Aphthasol), or chlorhexidine gluconate (Peridex) mouthwash.
Nonprescription medications, such as Orabase, can protect a sore inside the lip and on the gums. Blistex or Campho-Phenique may provide some relief of canker sores and fever blister...
Sores or lesions on the female genitalia or in the vagina may have a number of possible causes.
Sores on the female genitals
Genital sores may be painful, itchy, produce a discharge, or cause no symptoms at all.
Because genital lesions or sores can have a negative affect on a person's self-image, many people do not seek proper medical care. All genital sores should be evaluated by a medical professional.
Itching, painful urination, or painful sexual intercourse often occur with genital lesions.
Sores or lesions on the female genitals are often caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs). STIs that can cause these sores include:
Precancerous changes of the vulva (vulvar dysplasia) may...
You should know
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