When people talk about fibromyalgia, they sometimes use the terms tender points and trigger points interchangeably. In actuality, they have quite different meanings. All accurately diagnosed FM patients have tender points; some may also have trigger points. Tender Points Tender points are used to help diagnosis fibromyalgia. They are extremely sensitive spots on the body that elicit pain when four kilograms (or about 10 lbs.) of pressure are applied. There are 18 specific tender points located at nine bilateral locations. Tender points occur on both the right and left sides of the body at these nine locations: Occiput: bilateral, at the suboccipital muscle insertions. (Where the neck muscles attach at the base of the skull) Low cervical: bilateral, at the anterior aspects of the intertransverse spaces at C5-C7. (Front lower neck) Trapezius: bilateral, at the midpoint of the upper border. (Midway between the neck and shoulder) Supraspinatus: bilateral, at origins, above t...
When I read articles or hear people talk about fibromyalgia, I often see the terms tender points and trigger points used interchangeably. Sometimes even medical professionals will mix them up. The fact is, tender points and trigger points are two very different things. If you have fibromyalgia, you probably know that tender points are used in diagnosing FM. But then what are trigger points?
To learn what each is and how to differentiate between them, read: The Difference Between Tender Points and Trigger Points
Have you ever developed cramping in your hands and fingers from typing too much, or had pain in your calf muscles from wearing ill fitted shoes or overdoing? These are examples that could be the result of developing myofascial trigger points.
What Is a Myofascial Trigger Point?
A myofascial trigger point (TrP) is a self-sustaining irritable area in a taut/tight band of muscle fiber that is felt as a nodule or bump. The irritated spot causes shortening of the muscle involved interferes with movement causing pain and weakness.
MTrP = myofascial trigger point
TrP = trigger point
TrPs = trigger points (plural)
Muscles develop TrPs because of injury , surgery, poor posture, repetitive motion, chronic tension, muscle strain, disease , or other aggravating factors. They can also cause changes in balance, nausea, vision, hearing, heart palpitations, bowel and gonad related difficulties, urinary difficulties, and many other autonomic disr...
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