The FDA has now approved Cymbalta (duloxetine) to treat chronic musculoskeletal pain, including discomfort from osteoarthritis and chronic lower back pain . "Up to three quarters of the population experience chronic pain at some time in their lives," said Janet Woodcock, M.D., director of FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. "This approval means that many of those people now have another treatment option." Since its initial approval in 2004, about 30 million patients in the United States have used Cymbalta. Thus far Cymbalta, manufactured by Eli Lilly and Co., has received FDA approval for six different indications, three of which are pain-related:
Major depressive disorder in 2004
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy in 2004
Generalized anxiety disorder in 2007
Maintenance treatment of major depression in 2007
Fibromyalgia in 2008
Chronic musculoskeletal pain in 2010
Cymbalta is classified as an antidepressant in a group of drugs called selective serotonin and norepi...
Chest pain is one of the scariest symptoms a person can have because the first thing we usually think of is a heart attack. Of course, any new chest pain should be considered a medical emergency and checked out right away. But once a heart problem has been ruled out, one of the possibilities your doctor may consider is costochondritis. Costochondritis ((kos-toe-KHON-dri-tis) is an inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the breastbone (sternum). It is one of the most common cause of musculoskeletal chest pain. Symptoms: The two main symptoms of costochondritis are pain and tenderness in the chest wall, specifically where the ribs attach to the breastbone.
Pain – The pain of costochondritis is usually described as sharp and/or stabbing, but may also be dull, burning or gnawing. Often the pain gets worse when coughing or taking a deep breath. There may also be some difficulty breathing. The location of the pain can be on either...
Definition Anterior vaginal wall repair is surgery that tightens the front ( anterior ) wall of the vagina. Alternative Names A/P repair; Vaginal wall repair; Anterior and/or posterior vaginal wall repair; Colporrhaphy - repair of vaginal wall; Cystocele repair Description This procedure may be done while you are under general or spinal anesthesia . Under general anesthesia, you will be asleep and unable to feel pain. With spinal anesthesia, you will be awake, but you will be numb from the waist down and you will not feel pain. You will be given medicines to help you relax. Usually, a surgical cut (incision) is made through the front wall of your vagina . Your bladder is moved back to its normal location. Your vaginal wall may be folded, or part of it may be cut away. Sutures (stitches) are made in the tissue between your vagina and bladder. These will hold the walls of your vagina in the correct position. Your doctor may place human-made (synthetic) material between your bladder and vagina. If needed...
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