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The FDA has now approved Cymbalta (duloxetine) to treat chronic musculoskeletal pain, including discomfort from osteoarthritis and chronic lower back pain . "Up to three quarters of the population experience chronic pain at some time in their lives," said Janet Woodcock, M.D., director of FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. "This approval means that many of those people now have another treatment option." Since its initial approval in 2004, about 30 million patients in the United States have used Cymbalta. Thus far Cymbalta, manufactured by Eli Lilly and Co., has received FDA approval for six different indications, three of which are pain-related:
Major depressive disorder in 2004
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy in 2004
Generalized anxiety disorder in 2007
Maintenance treatment of major depression in 2007
Fibromyalgia in 2008
Chronic musculoskeletal pain in 2010
Cymbalta is classified as an antidepressant in a group of drugs called selective serotonin and norepi...
Abdominal wall surgery is surgery that improves the appearance of flabby, stretched-out abdominal (belly) muscles and skin. It is often called a "tummy tuck." It can range from a simple "mini-tummy tuck" to more complicated, extended surgery.
Tummy tuck is not the same as liposuction, another way to remove fat. But abdominal wall surgery is sometimes combined with liposuction.
Cosmetic surgery of the abdomen; Tummy tuck; Abdominoplasty
Your surgery will be done in an operating room in a hospital. You will receive general anesthesia . This will make you asleep and pain-free during the procedure. The surgery takes 2 to 6 hours. You can expect to stay in the hospital for 1 to 3 days after surgery.
After you receive anesthesia, your surgeon will make a cut across your abdomen to open up the area. This cut will be just above your pubic area.
Your surgeon will remove fatty tissue and loose skin from the middle...
Definition Anterior vaginal wall repair is surgery that tightens the front ( anterior ) wall of the vagina. Alternative Names A/P repair; Vaginal wall repair; Anterior and/or posterior vaginal wall repair; Colporrhaphy - repair of vaginal wall; Cystocele repair Description This procedure may be done while you are under general or spinal anesthesia . Under general anesthesia, you will be asleep and unable to feel pain. With spinal anesthesia, you will be awake, but you will be numb from the waist down and you will not feel pain. You will be given medicines to help you relax. Usually, a surgical cut (incision) is made through the front wall of your vagina . Your bladder is moved back to its normal location. Your vaginal wall may be folded, or part of it may be cut away. Sutures (stitches) are made in the tissue between your vagina and bladder. These will hold the walls of your vagina in the correct position. Your doctor may place human-made (synthetic) material between your bladder and vagina. If needed...
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