The FDA has now approved Cymbalta (duloxetine) to treat chronic musculoskeletal pain, including discomfort from osteoarthritis and chronic lower back pain . "Up to three quarters of the population experience chronic pain at some time in their lives," said Janet Woodcock, M.D., director of FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. "This approval means that many of those people now have another treatment option." Since its initial approval in 2004, about 30 million patients in the United States have used Cymbalta. Thus far Cymbalta, manufactured by Eli Lilly and Co., has received FDA approval for six different indications, three of which are pain-related:
Major depressive disorder in 2004
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy in 2004
Generalized anxiety disorder in 2007
Maintenance treatment of major depression in 2007
Fibromyalgia in 2008
Chronic musculoskeletal pain in 2010
Cymbalta is classified as an antidepressant in a group of drugs called selective serotonin and norepi...
Chest pain is one of the scariest symptoms a person can have because the first thing we usually think of is a heart attack. Of course, any new chest pain should be considered a medical emergency and checked out right away. But once a heart problem has been ruled out, one of the possibilities your doctor may consider is costochondritis. Costochondritis ((kos-toe-KHON-dri-tis) is an inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the breastbone (sternum). It is one of the most common cause of musculoskeletal chest pain. Symptoms: The two main symptoms of costochondritis are pain and tenderness in the chest wall, specifically where the ribs attach to the breastbone.
Pain – The pain of costochondritis is usually described as sharp and/or stabbing, but may also be dull, burning or gnawing. Often the pain gets worse when coughing or taking a deep breath. There may also be some difficulty breathing. The location of the pain can be on either...
Abdominal wall surgery is surgery that improves the appearance of flabby, stretched-out abdominal (belly) muscles and skin. It is often called a "tummy tuck." It can range from a simple "mini-tummy tuck" to more complicated, extended surgery.
Tummy tuck is not the same as liposuction, another way to remove fat. But abdominal wall surgery is sometimes combined with liposuction.
Cosmetic surgery of the abdomen; Tummy tuck; Abdominoplasty
Your surgery will be done in an operating room in a hospital. You will receive general anesthesia . This will make you asleep and pain-free during the procedure. The surgery takes 2 to 6 hours. You can expect to stay in the hospital for 1 to 3 days after surgery.
After you receive anesthesia, your surgeon will make a cut across your abdomen to open up the area. This cut will be just above your pubic area.
Your surgeon will remove fatty tissue and loose skin from the middle...
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