<p><strong>What Is Diabetes?</strong></p>
<p>Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder with abnormally high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) as its most prominent feature. During intestinal digestion, carbohydrates and proteins are broken down into simple sugars and amino acids, respectively. The liver converts all of the sugars and some of the amino acids into glucose, a simple sugar that is used for energy by every cell in the body.</p>
<p>Glucose passes from the bloodstream into the cells with the help of insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas (a pear-shaped organ located just below the stomach). By attaching to receptor sites on the surface membrane of a cell, insulin promotes the movement of glucose-transport proteins from the interior of the cell to its surface, where they bind with glucose and carry it into the cell. In diabetes mellitus, several problems may interfere with this process: pancreatic insulin production may be p...
Medications Vaccines are available to prevent influenza (See Viral Influenza Vaccines section in this report). For mild influenza, symptom relief is similar to that for colds. Who Needs Antiviral Drugs Two classes of antiviral agents have been developed to treat influenza: neuraminidase inhibitors and M2 inhibitors. These drugs can shorten symptoms but there is no indication that they can prevent or reduce complications such as pneumonia. They do not help if they are started after the first 36 hours of illness. Because of emerging drug resistance, some experts suggest these drugs be reserved for severely ill patients or those at high risk. Most people who get seasonal flu or H1N1 flu will likely recover without needing medical care. Doctors, however, can prescribe antiviral drugs to treat people who become very sick with the flu or are at high risk for flu complications. If you need treatment for the flu, the CDC recommends that your doctor give you zanamivir (Relenza) or osteltamivir (Tami...
Generic Name: PHENYLEPHRINE - ORAL Pronounced: (FEN-il-EF-rin) Triaminic Cold-stuffy Nose Oral Precautions
Before taking phenylephrine, tell your doctor or
pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to pseudoephedrine/ephedrine; or if
you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients,
which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist
for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or
pharmacist your medical history, especially of:
blood vessel problems (e.g., Raynaud's disease, low blood
flow to the brain/legs/hands)
high blood pressure
heart disease (e.g., angina, fast/irregular heartbeat, heart
mental/mood disorders (e.g., anxiety, bipolar disorder,
overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)
trouble urinating (e.g., due to enlarged prostate)
This drug may make...
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