<p><strong>What Is Diabetes?</strong></p>
<p>Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder with abnormally high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) as its most prominent feature. During intestinal digestion, carbohydrates and proteins are broken down into simple sugars and amino acids, respectively. The liver converts all of the sugars and some of the amino acids into glucose, a simple sugar that is used for energy by every cell in the body.</p>
<p>Glucose passes from the bloodstream into the cells with the help of insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas (a pear-shaped organ located just below the stomach). By attaching to receptor sites on the surface membrane of a cell, insulin promotes the movement of glucose-transport proteins from the interior of the cell to its surface, where they bind with glucose and carry it into the cell. In diabetes mellitus, several problems may interfere with this process: pancreatic insulin production may be p...
It’s pretty easy to feel like the only person with diabetes during your day-to-day life. At my work, there are a couple people with Type 2 diabetes but no one close to my age with Type 1. And I talk about my diabetes with my friends from time to time, but usually they are asking me questions and trying to learn about it (which is really great!). I do have one friend I work with (he’s also my trainer) who knows a TON about diabetes and is usually teaching me instead of the other way around, which is cool because I’m the one learning, and I never have to explain to him why diabetes is challenging. He already gets it. Still, nothing is quite the same as talking with someone who has it and just really knows what it’s like. That’s why we all need to make sure we find our own community of people with diabetes. When I was in high school, I went to a group for teenagers with chronic illnesses of all kinds, some had diabetes, some had cancer, Crohn’s disease,...
A healthy well-balanced diet is an essential part of glucose
control for people who have diabetes. However, having diabetes does
not mean that you have to eat special foods or feel deprived. But
you do need to plan ahead and be more thoughtful when it comes to
what and when you eat.
Carbohydrates serve as the main energy source for the body.
During digestion they are broken down into blood sugar and so too
many or too few carbohydrates can cause your blood glucose levels
to spike or drop. It is important to include them in your diet, in
fact 50 to 60 percent of your daily calories should come from
carbohydrate sources. For optimal blood sugar control, most of your
carbohydrate should come from:
Low-fat dairy products
Eating the same amount of carbohydrates each day helps control
blood sugar. It is also important to spread your carbohydrate-rich
foods throughout the day to keep your blood sugar levels
consistent. If you have diabetes, ...
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