Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a common and sometimes
devastating condition. I see it quite frequently
in many of my chronic pain patients. In
fact, it contributes to quite a bit of chronic pain, because of the difficulty
it causes in terms of getting a good night's rest, and because it in and of
itself can be rather painful. And there
are diseases associated with chronic pain which can result in so-called
Restless Leg Syndrome is a nighttime condition that has a huge impact on
daytime functioning for those afflicted.
The diagnosis of RLS is mostly arrived at through interviews
with the patient, and basically involves four important features:
is a compelling need to move, usually associated with unpleasant
sensations in the legs, which have been described variously as painful,
electric or "creepy-crawly."
sensations of RLS are worse or exclusively present at rest.
sensations are at least partial...
Studies show muscle weakness after total knee replacement (TKR) is common months and even years after the surgery. This study compares the force produced during a single-leg press after TKR. Nine patients with TKR were compared to nine adults without TKR (the control group). This is the first study to measure force produced by the leg after TKR in a weight-bearing position. It's unique because force is examined across several joints using many muscle groups. This gives a better idea of what's going on in a fully weight-bearing position. Other studies have reported on forces in one joint at a time. Often only the knee extensor muscles are tested. The authors report that there is much less force through the leg with the joint replacement. These measures were lower when compared to the patient's healthy leg and when compared to the control group. This shows that the entire leg, not just one set of muscles, has less power. The researchers suggest that the loss of force in the leg with the TK...
Are you 55 years old or older and still pain free? Chances are you have osteoarthritis and don't know it. X-rays show arthritic changes in eight out of every 10 adults age 55 and older. Knees, hips, and spines are affected most, in that order. Older adults with leg pain may have arthritic changes in both the hip and spine. They sometimes have a total hip replacement (THR) only to develop groin and buttock pain next. Or suddenly they have muscle weakness that isn't related to the THR. In these cases, lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) may be the problem. LSS occurs when age-related changes narrow the canal where the spinal cord and nerves travel. Bone spurs, thickened ligaments, and worn-down joints are just some of the changes leading to LSS. These doctors from Baylor College of Medicine offer other orthopedic surgeons some guidance. They say that when a patient with a recent THR has severe pain after the operation, look for infection, an unstable implant, or LSS. Location of the pain is a key...
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