Hammer toe is a deformity of the toe, in which the end of the toe is bent downward.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Hammer toe usually affects the second toe. However, it may also affect the other toes. The toe moves into a claw-like position.
The most common cause of hammer toe is wearing short, narrow shoes that are too tight. The toe is forced into a bent position. Muscles and tendons in the toe tighten and become shorter.
Hammer toe is more likely to occur in:
Women who wear shoes that do not fit well or have high heels
Children who keep wearing shoes they have outgrown
The condition may be present at birth (congenital) or develop over time.
In rare cases, all of the toes are affected. This may be caused by a problem with the nerves or spinal cord.
Web finger repair; Web toe repair; Syndactyly repair
Expectations after surgery
The repair is usually successful. When joined fingers share a single fingernail, the creation of two normal-looking nails is rarely possible. One nail will look more normal than the other. Some children require a second surgery, depending on how complicated the webbing is.
Hospital stays of 1-2 days are common.
Sometimes the cast extends beyond the fingers or toes to protect the repaired area from injury. Small children who had webbed finger repair may need a cast that extends above the flexed elbow.
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