Everyone faces the decision to 'repair or replace' when it comes to clothes, cars, computers, household possessions, and so on. Sometimes the decision is based on finances. In other cases, it's just a matter of convenience, time, or personal preferences. But when faced with the same decision for complex knee injuries, suddenly the stakes are much higher. Knee injuries so severe that there is dislocation, fracture, and/or multiple ligaments ruptured require careful consideration when planning treatment. The decision to repair versus reconstruct is an important one. In this article, a group of surgeons present an instructional course lecture on the management of complex knee ligament injuries. The information was first presented at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons' annual meeting. Injuries of this type are usually the result of trauma that require emergency evaluation and treatment. The surgeon must quickly but thoroughly assess the extent of damage to the bones, soft tissues,...
CRPS; RSDS; Causalgia - RSD; Shoulder-hand syndrome; Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome; Sudeck's atrophy
There is no cure for CRPS, but the disease can be slowed. The main focus is on relieving the symptoms and helping people with this syndrome live as normal a life as possible.
Physical and occupational therapy should be started as early as possible. Starting an exercise program and learning to keep joints and muscles moving may prevent the disease from getting worse and help you perform everyday activities.
Medications may be used, including pain medicines, steroids, certain blood pressure medicines, bone loss medications (such as bisphosphonates like Fosamax and Actonel), and antidepressants.
Some type of talk therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy or psychotherapy, can help teach the skills you need to live with chronic pain.
Surgical or invasive techniques that may be tried:
Injected medicine that num...
An athlete can experience a wide range of emotions following an injury. Depressed mood is one of the most common emotions felt among athletes after they have been hurt. Some estimate that over half of athletes who are injured suffer at least mild depression (Leddy et al., 1994). The severity of the depression an athlete experiences can vary depending on many different factors. For example, female athletes have a greater chance of experiencing depression as compared to male athletes. The odds are greater that younger college students (freshmen) will become depressed post injury as compared to upper classmen. Depression can be very serious. If you or an athlete you know has recently been injured, follow these tips to help prevent depression.
1. Get (the best) medical help as soon as possible.
Athletes can be a stubborn bunch. Some believe the old adage, “no pain, no gain” but this is outdated thinking. If some part of your body is consistently causing you pain, get a...
You should knowAnswers to your question are meant to provide general health information but should not replace medical advice you receive from a doctor. No answers should be viewed as a diagnosis or recommended treatment for a condition. Content posted by community members does not necessarily reflect the views of Remedy Health Media, which also reserves the right to remove material deemed inappropriate.