Everyone faces the decision to 'repair or replace' when it comes to clothes, cars, computers, household possessions, and so on. Sometimes the decision is based on finances. In other cases, it's just a matter of convenience, time, or personal preferences. But when faced with the same decision for complex knee injuries, suddenly the stakes are much higher. Knee injuries so severe that there is dislocation, fracture, and/or multiple ligaments ruptured require careful consideration when planning treatment. The decision to repair versus reconstruct is an important one. In this article, a group of surgeons present an instructional course lecture on the management of complex knee ligament injuries. The information was first presented at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons' annual meeting. Injuries of this type are usually the result of trauma that require emergency evaluation and treatment. The surgeon must quickly but thoroughly assess the extent of damage to the bones, soft tissues,...
CRPS; RSDS; Causalgia - RSD; Shoulder-hand syndrome; Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome; Sudeck's atrophy
There is no cure for CRPS, but the disease can be slowed. The main focus is on relieving the symptoms and helping people with this syndrome live as normal a life as possible.
Physical and occupational therapy should be started as early as possible. Starting an exercise program and learning to keep joints and muscles moving may prevent the disease from getting worse and help you perform everyday activities.
Medications may be used, including pain medicines, steroids, certain blood pressure medicines, bone loss medications (such as bisphosphonates like Fosamax and Actonel), and antidepressants.
Some type of talk therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy or psychotherapy, can help teach the skills you need to live with chronic pain.
Surgical or invasive techniques that may be tried:
Injected medicine that num...
Flip-flops are popping up everywhere: at weddings, at work, at parties, and at home. What once was an article of clothing only seen at the beach or pool, now this flimsy footwear is a mainstay of closets across America. Ask someone why he/she wears flips and the laundry list of reasons is long. "They're comfortable," "They're cool," "They're fun," and "They're less confining"; this list of reasoning is reshaping our shoe choices and fashion sense. However, this list of reasoning is not very sensible in terms of health. Many parts of the body suffer from flip-flop related problems, problems that can be avoided. Here is a list of good reasons to avoid flip-flops.
1. No Support : Flip-flops are the least supportive of all shoes. Most flips are as flat as a board while the foot itself has many curves and arches. Why do people try to make a foot conform to something flat? Curves and arches need to be supported or else they tend to collapse. Flat feet , bu...
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