One of the most common problems seen in a primary care medical practice is low back pain. It accounts for more discomfort, lost work and productivity, and frustration for many patients than any other malady. Some think it is the price we, as humans, pay for walking upright. The lower back is a complex structure made of bone, muscles, connective tissue and nerves that, along with our legs, hold us erect, allow us to bend, run, twist, catch a football, or just lay down and rest. However, once a problem arises, the complexity of its structure makes pain in the lower back difficult to diagnose and treat. The lower back consists of a spinal column from the lumbar region of the mid-back down to the tail bone or coccyx. The spinal column consists of 5 lumbar vertebrae which are cylindrical bony structures with a ring like component behind the cylinder also made of bone. In between the vertebrae are disc shaped cushions filled with a gelatinous central core known as the nucleus pulposis
Back pain happens. Even though the pain is constant, sometimes life just has to move on. Because life is an Olympic event , staying fit is the best way to stay healthy. But how does one safely exercise with a pain in the back? Some may say that such a feat is impossible without causing further injury or worsening pain. Others have found that by following some simple rules, exercising despite chronic low back pain is possible.
Here are ten rules for developing a workout with back pain.
1) All the movement should come from the hips not the back. When exercising on a treadmill, stationary bike or other equipment that uses the legs, one should be mindful to keep the back still while the hip joints do the work. If the lumbar spine gets too involved in the movement of the legs, this is called lumbar compensatory movement because the low back is trying to compensate for the inadequate action in the lower legs. Learning to separate the movement of the lower extremities from...
Backache; Low back pain; Lumbar pain; Pain - back
Exercise is important for preventing future back pain. Through exercise you can:
Improve your posture
Strengthen your back and improve flexibility
A complete exercise program should include aerobic activity (like walking, swimming, or riding a stationary bicycle) as well as stretching and strength training.
To prevent back pain, it is also very important to learn to lift and bend properly. Follow these tips:
If an object is too heavy or awkward, get help.
Spread your feet apart to give a wide base of support.
Stand as close to the object you are lifting as possible.
Bend at your knees, not at your waist.
Tighten your stomach muscles as you lift the object up or lower it down.
Hold the object as close to your body as you can.
Lift using your leg muscles.
As you stand up with the ob...
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