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Risk Factors and Prevention Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in the U.S., with Americans facing a lifetime chance of 5 - 6% for this cancer. Each year, about 143,000 Americans are diagnosed with colorectal cancer, and about 50,000 people die from the disease. About 72% of cancers occur in the colon and 28% in the rectum. Rates of colorectal cancer have been decreasing in the United States. This is due in part to more people getting regular screenings for colorectal cancer, and fewer people engaging in risk factors such as smoking. Age Colorectal cancer risk increases with age. More than 90% of these cancers occur in people over age 50. Gender Men have a slightly higher risk than women for developing colorectal cancer. Race and Ethnicity African-Americans have the highest risk of being diagnosed with, and dying from, colorectal cancer. Among Caucasians, Jews of Eastern European (Ashkenazi) descent have a higher rate of colorectal cancer. Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, Hisp...
References American Cancer Society. Colorectal Cancer Facts and Figures Special Edition 2005 . Atlanta: American Cancer Society, 2005. Arber N, Eagle CJ, Spicak J, Racz I, Dite P, Hajer J, et al. Celecoxib for the prevention of colorectal adenomatous polyps. N Engl J Med . 2006 Aug 31;355(9):885-95. Beresford SA, Johnson KC, Ritenbaugh C, Lasser NL, Snetselaar LG, Black HR, et al. Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of colorectal cancer: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial. JAMA . 2006 Feb 8;295(6):643-54. Bertagnolli MM, Eagle CJ, Zauber AG, Redston M, Solomon SD, Kim K, et al. Celecoxib for the prevention of sporadic colorectal adenomas. N Engl J Med . 2006 Aug 31;355(9):873-84. Calonge N, Petitti D, DeWitt TG, Gordis L, Greogry KD, Harris R. et al. Routine Aspirin or Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs for the Primary Prevention of Colorectal Cancer: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Ann Intern Med. 2007;146(5):361-364. Cha...
A colon resection is a surgical procedure that removes part or all of the large intestine. This may be necessary in the treatment of some serious medical conditions including colon cancer . Your doctor(s) may also recommend colon resection for a variety of other conditions including:
• Inflammatory bowel disease
• Actively bleeding arteriovenous (AV) malformations
Sound like getting part or all of your large intestine is a major deal? It is. But you can help achieve best outcomes, and get back to your old routine more quickly, if you plan ahead, communicate with your team, and recruit a great support network.
Good questions to ask your healthcare team as you begin to prepare for surgery include:
• What should I do to prepare for surgery? Should I be following any special diet? Quitting smoking?
• Will my insurance cover all parts of my treatment (surgery, anesthesia, hospitalization, etc)?
• If not, how much will this cost and do you offer...
You should know
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