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Definition A CSF leak is an escape of the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Alternative Names Intracranial hypotension Causes, incidence, and risk factors Any tear or hole in the membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord (dura) can allow the fluid that surrounds those organs to leak. This fluid is called the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). When it leaks out, the pressure around the brain and spinal cord drops. Causes of leakage through the dura include: Certain head, brain, or spinal surgeries Head injury Placement of tubes for epidural anesthesia or pain medications Spinal tap ( lumbar puncture ) Sometimes, no cause can be found. This is called a spontaneous CSF leak.
Cervical spinal surgery is used to correct the part of the spine in the neck, including problems with the bones (vertebrae), disks, and nerves.
Cervical spinal surgery
The cervical spine is part of the spine that runs through the neck area. It consists of seven vertebrae and eight pairs of spinal nerves (called C1 to C8). The two most common problems people have with the cervical spine are herniation and stenosis.
For detailed information on those conditions see:
Herniated intervertebral disk
The specific cervical spine surgery depends on what is causing the problem. The surgery is done while you are under general anesthesia (unconscious and pain-free).
If there is a single herniated disk, then the disk may simply be removed through a surgical cut that is made in either the front or the back of the body.
If more than one disk needs to be removed, the sp...
Definition Spinal cord abscess is swelling and irritation (inflammation) and the collection of infected material (pus) around the spinal cord. Alternative Names Abscess - spinal cord Causes, incidence, and risk factors A spinal cord abscess is caused by an infection inside the spine. An abscess of the spinal cord itself is very rare. A spinal abscess usually occurs as an epidural abscess . Pus forms as a collection of: Destroyed tissue cells Fluid Live and dead bacteria and other microorganisms White blood cells The pus is commonly covered by a lining or membrane that forms around the edges. The pus collection causes pressure on the spinal cord. The infection is usually due to bacteria. Often it is caused by a staphylococcus infection that spreads through the spine. It may be caused by tuberculosis in some areas of the world, but it is not as common today as it was in the past. In rare cases, the infection may be due to a fungus. The following increase your risk of a spinal cord abscess: Back injuri...
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