Abdominal distress is any pain or discomfort in the abdomen. The abdominal area is the area between your chest and groin, often referred to as the stomach region or belly. See abdominal pain , abdominal bloating , and excessive gas .
Diseases or problems with any of the organs inside the abdominal cavity can lead to pain as well as other symptoms likea change in bowel habits, nausea, or vomiting. The pain may be chronic (ongoing) or acute (sudden), crampy or sharp, and associated with abdominal rigidity (board-like stiffness). Rigidity suggests peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneum, the thin membrane that lines the abdominal cavity) and may represent a ruptured organ (such as the appendix).
Pain in the abdomen may also originate from somewhere else -- like your chest, pelvic region (the area just below the abdomen that houses the reproductive organs), or a generalized infection affecting many parts of your body (like the flu or strep throa...
If you have ever been sunburned, then you have experienced hypersensitivity. Your skin was very sensitive to light touch, warm water and clothing for days. Well, imagine if that sensitivity was being experienced in your gut. Some people are troubled by such a problem called visceral hypersensitivity .
The phenomenon of hypersensitivity involves the nervous system. At some point, the irritation to a particular organ system like the skin or the gut leads to the sensitization of the nervous system , the alarm system. In severe cases, the central nervous system becomes so hypersensitive that everything seems to hurt. Painful stimuli become even more painful; that sensitivity is called hyperalgesia . Even non-painful stimuli like touch become painful; this sensitivity is called allodynia . In the case of visceral hypersensitivity, everything from digestion to urination can become painful. Thus, many conditions are linked to visceral hypersensitivity like: noncardiac chest pain, nonulcer...
One of the most common problems seen in a primary care medical practice is low back pain. It accounts for more discomfort, lost work and productivity, and frustration for many patients than any other malady. Some think it is the price we, as humans, pay for walking upright. The lower back is a complex structure made of bone, muscles, connective tissue and nerves that, along with our legs, hold us erect, allow us to bend, run, twist, catch a football, or just lay down and rest. However, once a problem arises, the complexity of its structure makes pain in the lower back difficult to diagnose and treat. The lower back consists of a spinal column from the lumbar region of the mid-back down to the tail bone or coccyx. The spinal column consists of 5 lumbar vertebrae which are cylindrical bony structures with a ring like component behind the cylinder also made of bone. In between the vertebrae are disc shaped cushions filled with a gelatinous central core known as the nucleus pulposis
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