Many people are able to stop using antidepressants with relatively mild discomfort but, for others, withdrawal symptoms become debilitating. Some return to using antidepressants to stop the overwhelming number of symptoms associated with discontinuing these medications.
The term withdrawal, however, has been replaced with antidepressant discontinuation syndrome. This is because antidepressants are not considered to be addictive. They are not habit forming, do not cause drug-seeking behaviors, and are not harmful substances. The term withdrawal was somewhat misleading and therefore replaced.
It is recommended that those patients stopping antidepressant medications do so under the supervision of a physician and slowly wean off of the medication. Based on the length of time antidepressants have been used, and the current dosage, this process could take months to complete but can severely limit the severity of withdrawal symptoms.
The American ...
Alcohol withdrawal refers to symptoms that may occur when a person who has been drinking too much alcohol every day suddenly stops drinking alcohol.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Alcohol withdrawal usually occurs in adults, but it may occur in teenagers or children as well. It can occur when a person who often uses alcohol excessively suddenly stops drinking alcohol. Withdrawal usually occurs within 5 - 10 hours after the last drink, but it may occur days later.
The more heavily you drink every day, the more likely you will be to develop alcohol withdrawal symptoms when you stop drinking. The likelihood of developing severe withdrawal symptoms also increases if you have certain other medical problems.
Treatment The withdrawal from cocaine may not be as unstable as withdrawal from alcohol. However, the withdrawal from any chronic substance abuse is very serious. There is a risk of suicide or overdose. Symptoms usually disappear over time. People who have cocaine withdrawal will often use alcohol, sedatives, hypnotics, or antianxiety medications such as diazepam (Valium) to treat their symptoms. Use of these drugs is not recommended because it simply shifts addiction from one substance to another. At least half of all people addicted to cocaine also have a mental disorder (particularly depression and attention-deficit disorder). These conditions should be suspected and treated. When diagnosed and treated, relapse rates are dramatically reduced. All prescription drug use should be monitored carefully in patients who abuse substances. Support Groups The 12-step support groups, such as Cocaine Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous, have helped many people addicted to cocaine. Alternative groups s...
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