Opioid medications have a natural property that causes physical dependence. Other medications used to treat high blood pressure , depression , and inflammation can do the same. Common substances, like caffeine, have that property. Because our bodies adapt, it is normal for these chemicals to become "known to us" over the time of exposure. When abruptly or too rapidly taken away, our bodies revolt. That experience can range from uncomfortable to life-threatening, particularly if we have other medical problems such as diabetes or heart disease . Feelings of withdrawal have been reported in varying degrees by signs such as an increase in sweating, rapid heart rate, nausea, diarrhea, goosebumps, headaches, inability to sleep and agitation.
At times, the pain provider may decide that it is advisable in the treatment plan to discontinue opioid therapy. It may be for one of the following reasons:
intolerable or uncontrolled side effects
serious non-adherence to the treatment plan or unsafe pa...
Alcohol withdrawal refers to symptoms that may occur when a person who has been drinking too much alcohol every day suddenly stops drinking alcohol.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Alcohol withdrawal usually occurs in adults, but it may occur in teenagers or children as well. It can occur when a person who often uses alcohol excessively suddenly stops drinking alcohol. Withdrawal usually occurs within 5 - 10 hours after the last drink, but it may occur days later.
The more heavily you drink every day, the more likely you will be to develop alcohol withdrawal symptoms when you stop drinking. The likelihood of developing severe withdrawal symptoms also increases if you have certain other medical problems.
Alternative Names Withdrawal from nicotine; Smoking - nicotine addiction and withdrawal; Smokeless tobacco - nicotine addiction; Cigar smoking; Pipe smoking; Smokeless snuff; Tobacco use; Chewing tobacco Treatment There are several strategies for treating nicotine withdrawal. Nicotine supplements can help. All of them work well, if used properly. See: Nicotine replacement therapy Nicotine supplements come in several forms: Gum Inhalers Nasal spray Skin patch Nonhabit forming prescription medications may help you quit smoking and keep you from starting again. See: Smoking cessation medications Such medicines include: Bupropion (Wellbutrin, Zyban) Varenicline (Chantix) Other medications, including clonidine, antidepressants such as nortriptyline or fluoxetine (Prozac), and buspirone (Buspar) have shown some benefits, but are not FDA-approved for smoking cessation Like any addiction, quitting tobacco is difficult, especially if you are acting alone. If you join a smoking cessation program, you have a m...
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