The goals of treatment are to reduce the immediate withdrawal symptoms, prevent complications, and begin long-term therapy to promote abstinence (no drinking at all).
People with moderate-to-severe symptoms of alcohol withdrawal may need inpatient treatment at a hospital or other facility that treats alcohol withdrawal. Others who may need inpatient treatment include those who:
Have a mental health disorder, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder
Have failed outpatient treatment for alcoholism or alcohol withdrawal
Have serious medical problems
May be harmful to themselves or others
Treatment at an inpatient center will include medical monitoring and treatment of alcohol symptoms.
Monitoring of blood pressure, body temperature, heart rate, and blood levels of different chemicals in the body will take place. The person will be watched closely for hallucinations and other signs of delirium tremens .
Alternative Names Withdrawal from nicotine; Smoking - nicotine addiction and withdrawal; Smokeless tobacco - nicotine addiction; Cigar smoking; Pipe smoking; Smokeless snuff; Tobacco use; Chewing tobacco Symptoms Nicotine use can have many different effects on body functions, both positive and negative. Nicotine acts as both a stimulant and depressant on your body. The use of nicotine: Decreases the appetite (for this reason, the fear of weight gain affects some people's willingness to stop smoking). Boosts mood and may even relieve minor depression. Many people will feel a sense of well-being. Raises the blood level of blood sugar (glucose) and increases insulin production. Increases bowel activity, saliva, and phlegm. Increases heart rate by around 10 to 20 beats per minute. Increases blood pressure by 5 to 10 mmHg (because it tightens the blood vessels). May cause sweating, nausea, and diarrhea. Stimulates memory and alertness. People who use tobacco often depend on it to help them accomplish...
(This Question and Answer sheet was created with information provided by the Food and Drug Administration at http://www.fda.gov/cder/drug/infopage/vioxx/vioxxQA.htm ) Q: What is Vioxx? A: Vioxx is a COX-2 selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used, primarily, for arthritis and acute pain relief. Vioxx is also related to over-the-counter NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen. Vioxx was available only by prescription. Q: What were the likely long-term health effects of taking Vioxx? A: Studies showed that Vioxx may cause an increased risk of heart attack and stroke. Q: When was Vioxx withdrawn from the market? A: Merck & Co., the drug’s manufacturer, announced that it would voluntarily withdraw Vioxx from the worldwide market on Sept. 30, 2004. Q: Did the government ban Vioxx? A: No, Merck made the decision to withdraw the drug. Q: What evidence supported the withdrawal of Vioxx from the market? A: Merck’s based its decision to withdraw...
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