Treatment for TMJ Disorder can vary from simple, self-care to complicated surgical procedures. It is very important when seeking TMD treatment that the patient exhausts all conservative options before moving on to invasive treatments. When you first believe that you may have a temporomandibular joint problem, there are things that you can do at home to relieve your pain, such as: Eating soft foods such as yogurt, eggs, cereal, oatmeal, etc. (we will have an article on nutrition soon) to give your joints a rest. Avoid hard, crunchy foods (raw vegetables, chips, nuts), chewy foods (hard rolls, bagels, gum), and large foods that force you to open your mouth wide (hamburgers, big sandwiches, hot dogs, etc.). Moist heat or cold packs – If both are used, apply ice first, then do gentle stretching as directed by your physician, and apply heat. You can make your own heating pack by either wetting a washcloth or towel and microwaving it, or putting rice in a tube sock and microwaving that....
If self care techniques for TMJ Disorder do not relieve your pain, your physician might recommend moving forward with treatment more involved than self care. This can include: Imaging: MRI, CT, X-Rays (Panorex, Tomogram, etc.) and other imaging techniques can be used to determine the state of the joints and surrounding tissues as well as determine what treatment may be the most appropriate. MRI's are primarily used for visualizing soft tissue such as discs and muscles, while CT scans show bone in great detail. X-Rays give a basic look at the joints and their relationship with your occlusion (the way your teeth fit together). Splint Therapy: Splints, nightguards, biteplates and NTI's (all words for similar devices) are the most common treatment for jaw related pain and muscle disorders. Injections: Trigger point injections are injections to address knots in muscles that cause pain. They can be done with anesthetic only, that is, without epinephrine or anti-infla...
TMD; Temporomandibular joint disorders; Temporomandibular muscle disorders
Symptoms associated with TMJ disorders may be:
Biting or chewing difficulty or discomfort
Clicking, popping, or grating sound when opening or closing the mouth
Dull, aching pain in the face
Jaw pain or tenderness of the jaw
Reduced ability to open or close the mouth
Signs and tests
You may need to see more than one medical specialist for your TMJ pain and symptoms, such as your primary care provider, a dentist, or an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) doctor, depending on your symptoms.
A thorough examination may involve:
A dental examination to show if you have poor bite alignment
Feeling the joint and connecting muscles for tenderness
Pressing around the head for areas that are sensitive or painful
Sliding the teeth from side to side
Watching, feeling, and...
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