The TMJ Association, Ltd. has released the results of an extensive survey they conduceted with 1,511 people living with temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJD). The goal for this survey was, “...to provide patients, providers, and scientists with a fuller understanding of these conditions - who experiences them, and the treatments being recommended to TMJ patients and whether these treatments help them.” TMJD, as defined by a 1996 National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment Conference on Managing Temporomandibular Disorders , is “a collection of medical and dental conditions affecting the joint and muscles of mastication, as well as contiguous tissue components.” It is thought that as many as 10 to 36 million adult Americans are affected by TMJD. Survey Results
Demographics: Survey participants were 90 percent women; 96 percent were non-Hispanic white; average age was 40.8; 70 percent were employed; 79 percent had some college or...
Dear Dr. Borigini, Is TMJD (Temporomandibular Joint Disorder) often associated with migraines? I have had chronic classical migraines since Feb. 2004 due to my jaw dislocation. Patients suffering from temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders exhibit significantly more jaw dysfunction and pericranial muscle tenderness compared to migraine patients. Jaw pain that occurs with chewing often is considered to be TMJ dysfunction, particularly if subluxation (abnormality of the normal position of a joint) of the jaw can be shown on the physical examination. The cause of migraines is unknown; there may be some genetic influence. Regional alterations in blood flow in the brain due to dilation of the arteries in the brain accompany a migraine attack. Migraines can be on one side of the head, or they can be generalized. They may be preceded by visual changes, numbness or tingling, restlessness, or depression . The patient may have attacks daily, or every several months. I...
TMD; Temporomandibular joint disorders; Temporomandibular muscle disorders
Symptoms associated with TMJ disorders may be:
Biting or chewing difficulty or discomfort
Clicking, popping, or grating sound when opening or closing the mouth
Dull, aching pain in the face
Jaw pain or tenderness of the jaw
Reduced ability to open or close the mouth
Signs and tests
You may need to see more than one medical specialist for your TMJ pain and symptoms, such as your primary care provider, a dentist, or an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) doctor, depending on your symptoms.
A thorough examination may involve:
A dental examination to show if you have poor bite alignment
Feeling the joint and connecting muscles for tenderness
Pressing around the head for areas that are sensitive or painful
Sliding the teeth from side to side
Watching, feeling, and...
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