FROM OUR EXPERTS
Variability is the law of life, and as no two faces are the same, so no two bodies are alike, and no two individuals react alike and behave alike under the abnormal conditions which we know as disease.
- Sir William Osler
Finding the best medication to treat all types of low back pain is an impossible task given the variability of people and the multidimensional nature of this condition. Finding the right medication for your low back pain might not be so impossible if your individual circumstances are carefully taken into consideration. Over 80 percent of people with chronic low back pain take at least one type of medication to help relieve the pain. The top three medications used are: anti-inflammatory medications, opioid medications, and antidepressant medications . Of course, many other medications are utilized for back pain like acetaminophen, muscle relaxants, steroids, and antiepileptic medications. With so many choices, how can you find the right one that is going ...
Spondylolisthesis (spaun-di-lo-lie-thee-sis) is a mouthful and is a common cause of low back pain (although it can exist anywhere in the spine, the lumbar spine is the most common area affected). The spinal column is a series of building blocks called vertebral bodies stacked on top of one another. Sometimes these blocks do not line up perfectly. This slight separation in the spinal column is called a spondylolisthesis .
"Doc says I have a spondy-something-or-other. Don't ask me what it is; all I know is that it hurts". Steve tries to explain his low back condition to his friend. But, he finds that he cannot explain what he does not understand. Steve has had back pain for a number of years. Every year the pain gets worse and has now become constant. His doctor sent him for x-rays recently. The x-rays showed a spondylolisthesis with disc degeneration at L5/S1. Steve could not understand his doctor's explanation of the condition. So, now he has pain and has confusion.
The posterior cruciate ligament is one of the main ligaments of the knee. Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries typically occur during hyperflexion or with a blow to the knee during hyperextension. Physical findings such as a positive posterior drawer test or posterior sag and standard x-rays are keys to diagnosis. Acute isolated PCL injuries often are treated conservatively with strengthening and proprioceptive exercises. Chronic isolated PCL injuries and combined ligament injuries usually require surgical reconstruction. Although the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is thought to be the strongest ligament in the knee, injury to this ligament is more common than many believe. In fact, PCL injuries may represent up to 20 percent of all knee ligament injuries. Three types of injuries result in PCL rupture: hyperflexion, with or without an anterior tibial force just below the knee hyperflexion with a downward force applied to the thigh hyperextension, often with varus (bent inward) or val...
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