FROM OUR EXPERTS
Millions of people take bisphosphonate drugs to prevent bone loss, but do they know the risks. These medications are commonly used to treat osteoporosis, but can also cause pain, and specifically a condition called Bisphosphonate Induced Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (BIONJ). People who take a bisphosphonate need to know what BIONJ is, which drugs are most likely to cause it, who is at risk, and what to do about these risks.
What is Bisphosphonate Induced Osteonecrosis of the Bone (BIONJ)? Osteonecrosis of the bone is defined as the "presence of exposed bone in the maxillofacial (jaw) region that does not heal within 8 weeks after identification by a health care provider" according to the American Society of Bone and Mineral Research. This particular type of osteonecrosis is caused by the bisphosphonate drugs, hence the name "Bisphosphonate Induced". The common symptoms include jaw pain, swelling, infection, loosening of the teeth and drainage. Of course, seeing bone is defi...
TMJ is short for "Temporomandibular Joint" which is the jaw joint. Each person has two, one in front of each ear. It connects the lower and upper jaw bones and allows the joint to move up and down, forward to back, and side to side. TMJ Disorder , which is also sometimes called "TMJD," "TMJ Syndrome," or just "TMJ," is a poorly defined condition in which many symptoms can affect the joints. Some symptoms of TMJ disorder are pain upon movement, function issues, locking, and other the jaw joint problems. For a longer list of symptoms, please see our TMJ disorder symptom list . Conditions that affect other joints in the body, such as injury, arthritis, ankylosis (fusion), or developmental abnormalities, can also affect the temporomandibular joints. If you have any questions, please Create a SharePost , visit our message board , or ask an expert . Next: TMJ Symptoms
Studies show that joint laxity (loose ligaments) in the knee can lead to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. In this study, researchers look to see if patients with excessive joint laxity have different results after ACL surgery depending on the type of tendon graft used to repair the rupture. Two groups of patients were compared. Everyone had an ACL tear and needed reconstructive surgery. The first group had normal joint laxity. The second group had generalized joint laxity (present in all the joints). Two different types of standard tendon grafts were used in both groups (hamstring graft and bone-patellar tendon-bone graft). It was expected that the patients with joint laxity would have different results depending on which type of graft was used. One surgeon did all of the operations. The surgical technique was described for both grafts. Everyone had the same postoperative rehab program. X-rays were taken before and after the procedure. The images were uploaded to a special compu...
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