Definition A broken jaw is a break in the jaw bone. A dislocated jaw means the lower part of the jaw has moved out of its normal position at one or both joints where the jaw bone connects to the skull (temporomandibular joints). Alternative Names Dislocated jaw; Fractured jaw; Broken jaw; TMJ dislocation Considerations A broken or dislocated jaw usually heals completely after treatment. However, the jaw may become dislocated again in the future. Complications may include: Airway blockage Bleeding Breathing blood or food into the lungs Difficulty eating (temporary) Difficulty talking (temporary) Infection of the jaw or face Jaw joint ( TMJ ) pain and other problems Problems aligning the teeth Causes The most common cause of a broken or dislocated jaw is injury to the face. This may be due to: Assault Industrial accident Motor vehicle accident Recreational or sports injury
It's great to see that The New York Academy of Sciences is holding a seminar on osteonecrosis of the jaw, a painful disease in the teeth and gums that has been linked to bisphosphonate use. While the illness has been especially associated with intravenous bisphosphonates most often used for cancer patients, the widespread use of oral bisphosphonates to combat osteoporosis and osteopenia makes this a relevant issue for the bone loss community as well. The info is at http://www.nyas.org/events/eventDetail.asp?eventID=8739&date=5%2F19%2F2007+8%3A30%3A00+AM and I was particularly glad that it says "all healthcare professionals are urged to attend." It is important to learn all we can about the risks (as well as advantages) of any medication we take, and I hope that this meeting keeps the spotlight on this issue and encourages those researching this rare but dangerous side effect of bisphosphonate medication.
Studies show that joint laxity (loose ligaments) in the knee can lead to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. In this study, researchers look to see if patients with excessive joint laxity have different results after ACL surgery depending on the type of tendon graft used to repair the rupture. Two groups of patients were compared. Everyone had an ACL tear and needed reconstructive surgery. The first group had normal joint laxity. The second group had generalized joint laxity (present in all the joints). Two different types of standard tendon grafts were used in both groups (hamstring graft and bone-patellar tendon-bone graft). It was expected that the patients with joint laxity would have different results depending on which type of graft was used. One surgeon did all of the operations. The surgical technique was described for both grafts. Everyone had the same postoperative rehab program. X-rays were taken before and after the procedure. The images were uploaded to a special compu...
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