Millions of people take bisphosphonate drugs to prevent bone loss, but do they know the risks. These medications are commonly used to treat osteoporosis, but can also cause pain, and specifically a condition called Bisphosphonate Induced Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (BIONJ). People who take a bisphosphonate need to know what BIONJ is, which drugs are most likely to cause it, who is at risk, and what to do about these risks.
What is Bisphosphonate Induced Osteonecrosis of the Bone (BIONJ)? Osteonecrosis of the bone is defined as the "presence of exposed bone in the maxillofacial (jaw) region that does not heal within 8 weeks after identification by a health care provider" according to the American Society of Bone and Mineral Research. This particular type of osteonecrosis is caused by the bisphosphonate drugs, hence the name "Bisphosphonate Induced". The common symptoms include jaw pain, swelling, infection, loosening of the teeth and drainage. Of course, seeing bone is defi...
Alternative Names Aches and pains in bones; Pain - bones Home Care For unexplained bone pain, see your health care provider. Call your health care provider if Take any bone pain or tenderness very seriously. Contact your health care provider if you have any unexplained bone pain. What to expect at your health care provider's office Your health care provider will ask you about your medical history and perform a physical exam. Medical history questions may include: Location of the pain
Is the pain in the forearms, hands, lower legs, or feet ( distal extremities)? Is the pain in the main part of the arm or leg? Is the pain in the heels (calcaneal pain)? Time and pattern of the pain
When did you first notice the pain (at what age did the pain begin)? How long have you had the pain? Is it getting worse? What other symptoms do you have? Diagnostic tests that may be performed include: Blood studies (such as CBC , blood differential ) Bone x-rays , including a bone scan CT or MRI scan Hormone level studies Pituit...
Tooth pain and heart attacks; Heart attacks and jaw pain
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