Q: I have been diagnosed with degenerative joint disease. I understand this is the same as osteoarthritis . It is primarily in my hips and knees. I am considering going into an upper flat. Is stair climbing beneficial or detrimental to the OA? A: Osteoarthritis is a synonym for degenerative joint disease. People in their 50s and '60s will frequently develop bony nodules over the small joints of the fingers (Heberden's and Bouchard's nodes) which are usually painless, though unsightly. These nodules are frequent markers of osteoarthritis, promising the possibility of joint involvement in other parts of the body. Although nobody knows what constitutes genetic risk factors for the development of osteoarthritis, a large number of people who have undergone trauma to the large weight-bearing joints (football injuries, falls, motor vehicle accidents, surgery) will lose cartilage over time. Cartilage serves as a protective tissue between adjacent long bones, and when lost through...
Spongy degeneration of the brain; Aspartoacylase deficiency
Genetic counseling is recommended for people who want to have children and have a family history of Canavan disease. Counseling should be considered if both parents are of Ashkenazi Jewish descent. For this group, DNA testing can almost always tell whether one or both parents is a carrier.
A diagnosis may be made before the baby is born (prenatal diagnosis) by testing the amniotic fluid .
Rezvani I. Defects in metabolism of amino acids. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics . 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 85.
What is Celiac disease (CD) and how do you know if you have it?
Celiac disease is a genetic autoimmune disease. According to the Celiac Disease Foundation's web site, "Celiac Disease is a digestive disorder that affects both children and adults. When people with CD eat foods that contain gluten , it creates an immune-mediated toxic reaction that causes damage to the small intestine and does not allow food to be properly absorbed. Even small amounts of gluten in foods can affect those with CD and cause health problems. Damage can occur to the small bowel even when there are no symptoms present."
So, what is gluten then? Gluten is a protein that is found in all forms of wheat - this includes durum, semolina, spelt, and kamut. Gluten is also found in rye , barley, triticale, and some oats. Basically, all bread, pasta, cereal, and crackers made with any of these gluten-containing ingredients cannot be eaten if you are diagnosed with Celiac disease. Contrary to popular thought,...
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