Acute prostatitis is an infection of the prostate gland in young or middle age men. Just for review, the prostate gland is a chestnut sized glandular organ located in men at the entrance/exit of the bladder and situated so it surrounds the connection of the bladder opening and the urethra which is the tube that drains the urine to the outside through the inside of the penis. The acute infection is usually caused by bacteria such as E.Coli and Pseudomonas, which are also common infecting agents of other parts of the urinary tract such as the bladder and urethra. This acute prostatic bacterial infection usually occurs in young and middle-aged males. Symptoms include pain in the genital/bladder area, fever (which may be high), as well as burning, pain and irritation when urinating. The bacteria that causes acute prostatitis usually gains access to the prostate by infected urine in the bladder through the urethra or urine tube. The infecting organisms migrate ...
You may worry, "What happens if I lose lymph nodes to surgery, or my white count drops dramatically because of chemotherapy? Is my immune system weakened, and will I become vulnerable again to cancer and infection?"
Fortunately, your immune system is very resilient and flexible. Various parts can switch roles and fill in for each other. You also have a considerable reserve or surplus of immune cells and tissues. If some lymph nodes are removed, others take up the load, handling the circulation of lymph fluids and filtering out cancer cells, bacteria, and other unwanted elements. Because you have so many more white blood cells than your body requires, most of the time a reduced number of white blood cells won't put you in any serious danger. New lymphocytes and macrophages can be mobilized in a matter of minutes. However, it is important to be aware of your blood counts.
Blood counts are used to determine any possible damage chemotherapy or radiation has caused to your imm...
There are three levels of axillary lymph nodes (the nodes in the underarm or "axilla" area):
Level I is the bottom level, below the lower edge of the pectoralis minor muscle.
Level II is lying underneath the pectoralis minor muscle.
Level III is above the pectoralis minor muscle.
A traditional axillary lymph node dissection usually removes nodes in levels I and II. For women with invasive breast cancer, this procedure accompanies a mastectomy. It may be done at the same time as, or after, a lumpectomy (through a separate incision).
Based on the doctor's physical exam and other indicators about the likelihood that cancer has spread to your lymph nodes, the surgeon will generally remove between five and thirty nodes during a traditional axillary dissection. The total number of lymph nodes "involved" (showing evidence of cancer) is more important than the extent of cancer in any one node.
Your doctor will let you know if any lymph nodes were involved (and if so, how many), as well ...
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