Every time I shave my legs, I get itchy, red bumps. How can I get rid of them and how can I prevent them?
In order to take care of shaving-related irritations, it's important to know the underlying cause of inflamed bumps. Razor burn, which results from improper shaving techniques, can create a rash-like appearance that usually fades on its own after a few days. On the other hand, it's possible that those razor bumps are the result of ingrown hairs, which are also referred to as pseudofolliculitis barbae.
When shaving, make sure you use a gentle hand. If your problem is simply razor burn, you need to make a few adjustments to your shaving routine in order to reduce irritation and inflammation. To start, soften the hair by soaking your legs for several minutes in warm water. Invest in a moisturizing shave gel-soap doesn't cut it-and lather the shaving area completely. Let the lather sit on the hair for a minute before proceeding.
Instead of trying to hold on to dis...
When you had your surgery, your doctor may have removed some of the lymph nodes under the arm next to the breast that developed cancer. But breast cancer can come back in:
some of the remaining underarm (axillary) lymph nodes
lymph nodes at the base of the neck (supraclavicular)
lymph nodes just bellow the collarbone (infraclavicular)
lymph nodes under the chest wall, along the breastbone (internal mammary)
lymph nodes under the armpit on your other side (rarely)
In about 40% of women who develop a recurrence, the breast cancer has spread to the lymph nodes . If you or your doctor notices hard, round lumps forming in any of these areas near the breast that had cancer, it could be a regional recurrence. Sometimes such enlarged lymph nodes are found in a routine mammogram.
It is uncommon to have a regional recurrence in only the lymph nodes under the arm. Fewer than 5% of women treated for breast cancer have recurrence that happens this way. Instead, the cancer generally comes back in...
There are three levels of axillary lymph nodes (the nodes in the underarm or "axilla" area):
Level I is the bottom level, below the lower edge of the pectoralis minor muscle.
Level II is lying underneath the pectoralis minor muscle.
Level III is above the pectoralis minor muscle.
A traditional axillary lymph node dissection usually removes nodes in levels I and II. For women with invasive breast cancer, this procedure accompanies a mastectomy. It may be done at the same time as, or after, a lumpectomy (through a separate incision).
Based on the doctor's physical exam and other indicators about the likelihood that cancer has spread to your lymph nodes, the surgeon will generally remove between five and thirty nodes during a traditional axillary dissection. The total number of lymph nodes "involved" (showing evidence of cancer) is more important than the extent of cancer in any one node.
Your doctor will let you know if any lymph nodes were involved (and if so, how many), as well ...
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