Definition Ankle pain involves any discomfort in one or both ankles. Alternative Names Pain - ankle; Sprain - ankle; Ankle sprain Common Causes Ankle pain is often due to an ankle sprain. An ankle sprain is an injury to the ligaments, which connect bones to one another. In most cases, the ankle is twisted inward, causing small tears in the ligaments. The tearing leads to swelling and bruising, making it difficult to bear weight on the joint. In addition to ankle sprains, ankle pain can be caused by: Damage or swelling of tendons (which join muscles to bone) or cartilage (which cushions joints) Infection in the ankle joint Osteoarthritis , gout , rheumatoid arthritis , Reiter syndrome , and other types of arthritis Problems in areas near the ankle that can cause you to feel pain in the ankle include: Blockage of blood vessels in the leg Heel pain or injuries Nerve injuries (such as tarsal tunnel syndrome or sciatica )
Alternative Names Swelling of the ankles - feet - legs; Ankle swelling; Foot swelling; Leg swelling; Edema - peripheral; Peripheral edema Prevention Avoid sitting or standing without moving for prolonged periods of time. When flying, stretch your legs often and get up to walk when possible. When driving, stop to stretch and walk every hour or so. Avoid wearing restrictive clothing or garters around your thighs. Exercise regularly. Lose weight if you need to. References Goldman L. Approach to the patient with possible cardiovascular disease. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 48.
Flip-flops are popping up everywhere: at weddings, at work, at parties, and at home. What once was an article of clothing only seen at the beach or pool, now this flimsy footwear is a mainstay of closets across America. Ask someone why he/she wears flips and the laundry list of reasons is long. "They're comfortable," "They're cool," "They're fun," and "They're less confining"; this list of reasoning is reshaping our shoe choices and fashion sense. However, this list of reasoning is not very sensible in terms of health. Many parts of the body suffer from flip-flop related problems, problems that can be avoided. Here is a list of good reasons to avoid flip-flops.
1. No Support : Flip-flops are the least supportive of all shoes. Most flips are as flat as a board while the foot itself has many curves and arches. Why do people try to make a foot conform to something flat? Curves and arches need to be supported or else they tend to collapse. Flat feet , bu...
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