Definition Shoulder arthroscopy is surgery that uses a tiny camera called an arthroscope to examine or repair the tissues inside or around your shoulder joint. The arthroscope is inserted through a small incision (cut) in your skin. Alternative Names SLAP repair; Acromioplasty; Bankart; Shoulder repair; Shoulder surgery Description The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that cover your shoulder joint. These muscles and tendons hold your arm in your ball and socket shoulder joint, and they help you move your shoulder in different directions. The tendons in the rotator cuff can tear when they are overused or injured. Most people receive general anesthesia before this surgery. This means you will be unconscious and unable to feel pain. Or, you may have regional anesthesia. Your arm and shoulder area will be numbed so that you do not feel any pain in this area. If you receive regional anesthesia, you will also be given medicine to make you very sleepy during the operation. First, ...
As a kid, our family always joked about my shoulders. In elementary school, one of the requirements in physical education was climbing a rope. I could never do it. I admitted at the time that I was a wimp. I was a bit better by junior high when gym class offered a segment on tennis. I got to be pretty good, developing a great one-hand backhand although I never had a killer serve.
By middle age, I’ve found that my shoulders can still be a problem area if I’m not careful. Several years ago, I went geocaching with a friend in a wilderness area and she took us up a sharp hill to hunt for a cache. What comes up must come down, which meant I had to negotiate a steep decline after looking for the cache. I grabbed a tree to help stabilize my descent; that seemed to go well at the time, but a few days later, I was in pain. The discomfort lasted for a while and, while not formally diagnosed, it’s taken some targeted massage therapy and some focused exercises to re...
Patients with cleidocranial dysostosis have a jaw and brow area that sticks out. The middle of their nose (nasal bridge) is wide.
The collar bones may be missing or abnormally developed. This pushes the shoulders together in front of the body.
Primary teeth do not fall out at the expected time. Adult teeth may develop later than normal, and an extra set of adult teeth grow in. This causes the normal teeth to become crooked.
The condition does not affect one's intelligence.
Other symptoms can include
Ability to touch shoulders together in front of body
Delayed closure of fontanelles ("soft spots")
Prominent forehead ( frontal bossing )
Signs and tests
There is often a family history of cleidocranial dysostosis. X-rays are usually taken and may show:
Undergrowth of the collarbone
Undergrowth of the shoulder blade
Failure of the area in the front of the pelv...
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