FROM OUR EXPERTS
Pneumonia, often called bronchopneumonia or bronchial pneumonia, can be a serious, even life-threatening, complication of COPD. When you have a chronic disease, your immune system is already compromised, making it harder to fight infections. Add to that the weakened airways and lung tissue that is part of COPD, and it is obvious how much of a threat a respiratory infection like pneumonia can be to someone who has COPD.
What Is Pneumonia?
Pneumonia is a respiratory infection that leads to inflammation and swelling in the bronchial tubes, known as bronchioles, and also tiny cells or airsacs at the end of the airways, called alveoli. Because COPD already causes similar issues, pneumonia results in an acute exacerbation of COPD.
What does that mean? Well, it means that there is an acute deterioration of respiratory symptoms. In particular, there will be increased breathlessness and cough, and an increase in the amount of sputum, as well as a change in the quality of t...
In this entry, I would like to review the impact that severe infections from a common pneumonia bacterium can have on asthmatics and discuss some recent research on how this has changed immunization schedules for asthmatics.
This new research has changed recommendations from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the federal agency that monitors disease outbreaks and provides evidence-based recommendations on immunization (for kids and adults). Setting aside recommendations that apply to all individuals (especially infants and young children), there are often some modifying circumstances that have to do with health status that change recommendations - if a vaccine should be administered or not, whether a booster should be given, etc. Recent research on infections caused by a common respiratory bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae (‘pneumococcus', in common usage) has expanded the indication for immuni...
A tracheal or bronchial rupture is a tear or break in the windpipe (trachea) or bronchial tubes, the major airways leading to the lungs. A tear can also occur in the tissue lining the windpipe.
Torn tracheal mucosa; Bronchial rupture
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The injury may be caused by:
Sores (ulcerations) due to foreign objects
Trauma, such as a gunshot wound or automobile accident
Injuries to the trachea or bronchi also may occur during medical procedures (for example, fiberoptic bronchoscopy and placement of a breathing tube). However, this is very uncommon.
You should know
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