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An interesting report in the February 2008 issue of the Journal of Pediatric Nursing (Volume 23, Issue 1), provides fascinating insights of the child's perspective of living with ADHD. Assistant professors Robin Bartlett and Mona M. Shattell, from the School of Nursing at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, interviewed 16 college students diagnosed with ADHD as children about their early experiences with school, home and friendships. These students reported both conflict and support from their parents and teachers and cited numerous experiences from each end of the spectrum, from numerous family fights to recalling parents and teachers working hard to help them succeed in school All the students reported feeling frustrated and sad in all three arenas studied. In fact, the overall theme of their childhood memories of living with ADHD was loneliness and isolation. However, they also did share positive experiences as well. Said one student: "My dad jus...
The main advantage of ankle replacement surgery is to relieve ankle arthritis pain and to preserve motion in the ankle joint. The alternative to ankle replacement surgery is ankle fusion. Ankle fusion is a more traditional surgery for ankle arthritis; in this procedure the cartilage is shaved off the bones of the ankle joint, which are then allowed to heal together. This eliminates the painful arthritic surfaces from rubbing on each other, however it comes at the expense of motion. Another downside of fusion of the ankle is that the ankle will be permanently stiff, and can lead to arthritis in adjacent joints. Ankle replacement surgery, however, can reduce this occurrence and allow motion of the ankle. Indeed, after ankle replacement surgery patients will be able to bear weight and walk without pain in the ankle. Most patients can resume daily activities without the use of pain medications .
While there are many pros to ankle replacement surgery, there are cons to consider as well. S...
Definition Ankle pain involves any discomfort in one or both ankles. Alternative Names Pain - ankle; Sprain - ankle; Ankle sprain Common Causes Ankle pain is often due to an ankle sprain. An ankle sprain is an injury to the ligaments, which connect bones to one another. In most cases, the ankle is twisted inward, causing small tears in the ligaments. The tearing leads to swelling and bruising, making it difficult to bear weight on the joint. In addition to ankle sprains, ankle pain can be caused by: Damage or swelling of tendons (which join muscles to bone) or cartilage (which cushions joints) Infection in the ankle joint Osteoarthritis , gout , rheumatoid arthritis , Reiter syndrome , and other types of arthritis Problems in areas near the ankle that can cause you to feel pain in the ankle include: Blockage of blood vessels in the leg Heel pain or injuries Nerve injuries (such as tarsal tunnel syndrome or sciatica )
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