Definition High arch is an arch that is raised more than normal. The arch, or instep, runs from the toes to the heel on the bottom of the foot. It is also called pes cavus. High arch is the opposite of flat feet . Alternative Names Pes cavus; High foot arch; High instep Causes, incidence, and risk factors High foot arches are much less common than flat feet. They are more likely to be caused by a bone (orthopedic) or nerve (neurological) condition. Unlike flat feet, highly arched feet tend to be painful because more stress is placed on the section of the foot between the ankle and toes (metatarsals). This condition can make it difficult to fit into shoes. People who have high arches usually need foot support. A high arch may cause disability.
Highlights Overview About 75% of people in the United States have foot pain at some time in their lives. Nearly all cases of foot pain can be attributed to one of the following:
Ill-fitting shoes High-impact exercise Certain medical conditions Foot pain generally starts in one of three places: the toes, the forefoot, or the hindfoot. Risk Factors Elderly people are at very high risk for foot problems. Women are at higher risk than men for severe foot pain, probably because of high-heeled shoes. Medical Conditions Causing Foot Pain
Arthritis Diabetes Obesity Pregnancy Medications Treatment Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin or ibuprofen (Advil), may help ease pain and reduce inflammation. The acronym RICE stands for rest, ice, compression, and elevation -- the four basic elements of initial treatment for an injured foot. In most cases, stress fractures heal by themselves if you avoid rigorous activities. Stretching the plantar fascia is the mainstay therapy for restoring s...
Aortic arch syndrome refers to a group of signs and symptoms associated with structural problems in the arteries that branch off the aortic arch. The aortic arch is the top part of the main artery carrying blood away from the heart.
Subclavian artery occlusive syndrome; Carotid artery occlusion syndrome; Subclavian steal syndrome; Vertebral-basilar artery occlusive syndrome
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Aortic arch syndrome problems are most often associated with trauma, blood clots, or malformations that develop before birth. The arteries' defects result in abnormal blood flow to the head, neck, or arms.
In children, there are multiple types of aortic arch syndromes, including:
Congenital absence of a branch of the aorta
Isolation of the subclavian arteries
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