Definition Esophageal spasms are abnormal contractions of the muscles in the esophagus (the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach). These spasms do not move food effectively to the stomach. Alternative Names Diffuse esophageal spasm; Spasm of the esophagus Causes, incidence, and risk factors The cause of esophageal spasm is unknown. Very hot or very cold foods may trigger an episode in some people.
SECONDARY SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION IN MEN AND WOMEN WITH MS
In multiple sclerosis, the incidence of fatigue, muscle tightness or spasms, bladder and bowel dysfunction, and pain, burning, or other discomfort can have adverse effects on the experience of sexual activity. The interference of these symptoms with sexual function can often be alleviated by taking an aggressive approach to symptom management.
One of the most common secondary sexual symptoms in MS is fatigue. Fatigue greatly interferes with sexual desire and the physical ability to initiate and sustain sexual activity. Fatigue can be managed in a number of ways, see How to Manage MS-Related Fatigue . Consider setting aside some time in the morning for sexual activity because this is often when MS fatigue is at its lowest ebb. Energy conservation techniques, such as taking naps and using ambulation aids, can preserve the energy needed for sexual activities. Choosing sexual activities and positions t...
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