What is Trans Fat?
A large number of manufacturers began adding trans fat to processed food about twenty-five years ago as a means to extend shelf life. About eighty percent of trans fat in the American diet comes from partially hydrogenated vegetable oil produced in factories.
Trans fats are artificial fats that can be made when hydrogen is added to liquid oil and then pressurized. Trans fats are in cookies, crackers, potato chips, and many other products for public purchase. Trans fats can extend product shelf life for years but also raise the risk for heart disease and obesity. They also contribute to elevated cholesterol levels and a drop in healthy HDL cholesterol. Trans Fat and Childhood Obesity A Canadian all-party commons committee expressed concerns that its current generation of children could expect poorer health outcomes and a shorter lifespan than their parents and cited obesity as the cause. It was noted that twenty-eight percent of Canadians between the age of two ...
Cholesterol is a fat (also called a lipid) that your body needs to work properly. Cholesterol levels that are too high can increase your chance of getting heart disease, stroke, and other problems.
The medical term for high blood cholesterol is lipid disorder, or hyperlipidemia.
Lipid disorders; Hyperlipoproteinemia; Hyperlipidemia; Dyslipidemia; Hypercholesterolemia
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
There are many types of cholesterol. The ones talked about most are:
Total cholesterol - all the cholesterols combined
High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol - often called "good" cholesterol
Low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol - often called "bad" cholesterol
For most people, abnormal cholesterol levels are the result of an unhealthy lifestyle -- most commonly, eating a diet that is high in fat . Other lifestyle factors are:
Heavy alcohol use
Lack of exercise ...
Cholesterol is a fatty substance produced by your liver. It's also found in foods high in saturated fat, such as meat, eggs, some shellfish, and whole-milk dairy products.
Your cells need some cholesterol to functional normally. But too much cholesterol in your blood can be harmful. High blood cholesterol levels can cause fatty deposits to build up on the walls of your arteries. This condition is known as atherosclerosis (sometimes called hardening of the arteries). Over time, the fatty deposits can decrease the amount of blood flowing in the arteries and eventually block blood flow entirely. This narrowing of the arteries can lead to heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. People who are overweight, eat a lot of foods high in saturated fat, or who have a family history of high cholesterol have an increased risk of high cholesterol levels. There are few symptoms of high cholesterol levels and a blood test is almost always needed to confirm it.
There are two kinds of cholesterol:
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