Cholesterol is a fat (also called a lipid) that your body needs to work properly. Cholesterol levels that are too high can increase your chance of getting heart disease, stroke, and other problems.
The medical term for high blood cholesterol is lipid disorder, or hyperlipidemia.
Lipid disorders; Hyperlipoproteinemia; Hyperlipidemia; Dyslipidemia; Hypercholesterolemia
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
There are many types of cholesterol. The ones talked about most are:
Total cholesterol - all the cholesterols combined
High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol - often called "good" cholesterol
Low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol - often called "bad" cholesterol
For most people, abnormal cholesterol levels are the result of an unhealthy lifestyle -- most commonly, eating a diet that is high in fat . Other lifestyle factors are:
Heavy alcohol use
Lack of exercise ...
Chronic kidney disease in itself has been found to be an independent predictor for the development of heart disease and is associated with an overall poorer prognosis. This effect occurs throughout the entire spectrum of kidney failure ranging from those with mild kidney disease to even those who have had successful kidney transplants. In one study of a million people with kidney failure who were not yet on dialysis, the risk of developing atherosclerosis was almost 35 times more likely than the risk of needing some type of kidney replacement therapy. In fact, the American National Kidney Foundation, the American College of Cardiology, and the American Heart Association consider people with chronic kidney disease to be at equal risk of a future cardiovascular event when compared to those who have already had a heart attack . Many conditions that confer increased heart disease risk can also lead to chronic kidney damage. Some common examples are high blood pressur...
Cholesterol is a fatty substance produced by your liver. It's also found in foods high in saturated fat, such as meat, eggs, some shellfish, and whole-milk dairy products.
Your cells need some cholesterol to functional normally. But too much cholesterol in your blood can be harmful. High blood cholesterol levels can cause fatty deposits to build up on the walls of your arteries. This condition is known as atherosclerosis (sometimes called hardening of the arteries). Over time, the fatty deposits can decrease the amount of blood flowing in the arteries and eventually block blood flow entirely. This narrowing of the arteries can lead to heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. People who are overweight, eat a lot of foods high in saturated fat, or who have a family history of high cholesterol have an increased risk of high cholesterol levels. There are few symptoms of high cholesterol levels and a blood test is almost always needed to confirm it.
There are two kinds of cholesterol:
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