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Cramps are an inevitable part of almost every woman’s life. Each month, without fail, you feel your period before it begins. Cramps are usually felt in the abdomen or the lower back. They last anywhere from one to three days. For some women, cramps are merely a nuisance, something that is annoying but doesn’t affect your life. For other women, severe cramps send them to bed for a day or two each month. While you probably can’t totally rid your life of cramps, there are some things you can do to help ease the pain.
While you are having cramps:
Over-the-counter medications, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, usually help to lessen the pain.
Use a heating pad or a hot water bottle and apply heat directly to your abdomen or lower back.
Try different positions. You might find lying on your side with your knees bent helps relieve the pain or you might find another position feels better. Try sitting and lying down in different positions to find what works best for you.
Definition Anti-smooth muscle antibody is a blood test that detects the presence of antibodies against smooth muscle. How the test is performed Blood is drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is cleaned with germ-killing medicine (antiseptic). The health care provider wraps an elastic band around the upper arm to apply pressure to the area and make the vein swell with blood. Next, the health care provider gently inserts a needle into the vein. The blood collects into an airtight vial or tube attached to the needle. The elastic band is removed from your arm. Once the blood has been collected, the needle is removed, and the puncture site is covered to stop any bleeding. In infants or young children, a sharp tool called a lancet may be used to puncture the skin and make it bleed. The blood collects into a small glass tube called a pipette, or onto a slide or test strip. A bandage may be placed over the area if there is any bleeding. How to prep...
Alternative Names Ischemic contracture Treatment If there is a forearm or elbow fracture, you should use a sling or splint to keep the area still and raise the arm above heart level. This helps prevent further injury and excessive swelling. The best treatment is early surgery to release the pressure in the forearm before any permanent injury to the muscles and nerves occurs. Reconstructive surgery to lengthen and sometimes transfer muscles is necessary to try to regain some hand function. Support Groups Expectations (prognosis) How well a person does depends on the severity and stage of disease at the time treatment is started. If surgery to relieve pressure is performed before permanent damage occurs, then the outcome is usually excellent. The wounds are usually left open (covered with a sterile dressing) and closed later (usually 48 - 72 hrs later) during a second surgery, once the swelling has resolved. Sometimes, several surgeries are needed to close the wound safely. If there is high pres...
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