Therapeutic drug level are laboratory tests to look for the presence and the amount of specific drugs in the blood.
Therapeutic drug monitoring
How the test is performed
Blood is drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is cleaned with germ-killing medicine (antiseptic). The health care provider wraps an elastic band around the upper arm to apply pressure to the area and make the vein swell with blood.
Next, the health care provider gently inserts a needle into the vein. The blood collects into an airtight vial or tube attached to the needle. The elastic band is removed from your arm.
Once the blood has been collected, the needle is removed, and the puncture site is covered to stop any bleeding.
In infants or young children, a sharp tool called a lancet may be used to puncture the skin and make it bleed. The blood collects into a small glass tube called a pipette, or...
Any discussion of heart disease and its risk factors is often joined by a discussion of cholesterol. Last week we talked about the basics of what cholesterol is and how it is measured . This week let’s talk about what we can do to improve our cholesterol numbers and lower the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Just because we have MS doesn’t mean that we are immune to developing other serious diseases.
In heart disease, there are two types of risk factors — those you can’t change (age, sex, and family history of early onset heart disease) and those you can (smoking, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, being overweight/obesity, physical inactivity, and diabetes- type II). High cholesterol can lead to atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) which can then lead to heart attack or stroke when plaque in the artery breaks loose.
Factors that increase LDL
The three main contributors to high LDL ( low dens...
Elective or therapeutic abortion is the deliberate termination of a pregnancy.
Therapeutic abortion; Elective abortion
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Elective abortions are those initiated by personal choice. Roughly 20% of all pregnancies (excluding miscarriages) end in elective abortion. It has been reported that since abortion was legalized in 1973 through 2002, over 42 million legal abortions have been performed.
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