FROM OUR EXPERTS
One of the things that I seemed to have inherited from my mom was a tendency to have bad foot and leg cramps in the middle of the night. For several years, I found myself regularly waking up with my foot and leg muscles clenched, making it impossible to find any comfort. If I was lucky, I would wake up soon enough to feel the beginning of the cramp start in my toes, thus enabling me to work on it before it became a full-fledged rock-solid, muscle-burning cramp that took over the whole extremity. However, in the past few years, my night leg cramps have seemed to come around less often and they’re less severe. So what are these muscle cramps? How can you limit them? And what do you do if you have a leg cramp? “A muscle cramp is a sudden, uncontrolled contraction of a muscle,” wrote Dr. Jonathan Cluett on About.com. “Leg cramps occur when the muscle suddenly and forcefully contra...
Pain - foot
The following steps can prevent foot problems and foot pain:
Wear comfortable, properly fitting shoes. They should have good arch support and cushioning.
Wear shoes with adequate room around the ball of your foot and toe.
Wear sneakers as often as possible, especially when walking.
Avoid narrow-toed shoes and high heels.
Replace running shoes frequently.
Warm up before exercise, cool down after exercise, and stretch adequately.
Increase your amount of exercise slowly over time to avoid putting excessive strain on your feet.
Lose weight if you need to.
Learn exercises to strengthen your feet and avoid pain. This can help flat feet and other potential foot problems.
Keep feet dry to avoid friction. This may help prevent corns and calluses.
Avoid alcohol to prevent attacks of gout.
Hochman MG. Nerves in a pinch: imaging of nerve compression syndromes.
Alternative Names Swelling of the ankles - feet - legs; Ankle swelling; Foot swelling; Leg swelling; Edema - peripheral; Peripheral edema Prevention Avoid sitting or standing without moving for prolonged periods of time. When flying, stretch your legs often and get up to walk when possible. When driving, stop to stretch and walk every hour or so. Avoid wearing restrictive clothing or garters around your thighs. Exercise regularly. Lose weight if you need to. References Goldman L. Approach to the patient with possible cardiovascular disease. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 48.
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