FROM OUR EXPERTS
Back pain - nonspecific
Low back pain
Pain in any part of the back
Pain may radiate to the buttocks or upper leg(s)
Signs and tests
A physical examination focused on the back, the abdomen, and the extremities may confirm back pain or muscle spasm , but the examination does not reveal a specific cause (such as a herniated disk) or any neurological problem (such as weakness or change in sensation).
X-rays of the spine are usually normal. Further work-up may include a CT scan or MRI of the spine .
Chronic bronchitis is a lung disease that causes a cough with increased mucus production for at least three months in two consecutive years. It generally falls under the category of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD.
The most common cause is cigarette smoking, although the inhalation of irritants at work, air pollution and lung infections may also cause it. Considering most people develop this disease due to exposure to cigarette smoke, one might wonder: Why does smoking cause chronic bronchitis?
To best answer this question it’s helpful to understand the basics of airway anatomy, which is covered in the pithy post “ Your Journey Down the Respiratory Tract .” Knowledge of lung anatomy is helpful because long-term exposure to inhaled cigarette smoke may cause changes inside the airways. These changes may include:
1. Bronchial mucous glands become bigger : This causes increased mucus or secretion production...
Did you know that hip bursitis can mimic back pain? Even though doctors know this, 20 percent of the LBP cases caused by hip bursitis aren't properly diagnosed. There are many possible reasons for this. Hip bursitis is a painful irritation on the side of the upper part of the hip. A jelly-like sac called the bursa sits between the hipbone and a tendon. It's designed to offer a cushion for the tendon as it slides over the bone. Hip bursitis is part of a larger group of problems called greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS). GTPS is most common in middle age--just about when many vague aches and pains begin. At first, the symptoms of GTPS may be too hard to pinpoint. This prevents a correct diagnosis. The painful symptoms may move down the thigh to the knee with numbness and tingling present. These symptoms are just like another problem called lumbar radiculopathy. Radiculopathy occurs when pressure from a spinal disc, tumor, or bone spur causes shooting pain and numbness down the leg...
You should know
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