Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a condition in which there are symptoms of intestinal blockage without any physical signs of a blockage.
Primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction; Acute colonic ileus; Colonic pseudo-obstruction; Idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction; Ogilvie's syndrome; Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
In primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction, the small or large intestines lose their ability to contract and push food, stool, and air through the gastrointestinal tract.
The condition can occur suddenly (acute) or over time (chronic). It may occur at any age, but is most common in children and the elderly. Because the cause is unknown, it is also called idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (idiopathic means occurring without reason).
Risk factors include:
Having cerebral palsy or other nervous system (neurologic) disorders
Staying in bed for long p...
Alternative Names Intestinal necrosis; Ischemic bowel; Dead bowel; Dead gut Symptoms The hallmark of intestinal ischemia is abdominal pain. Other symptoms include: Diarrhea Fever Vomiting Signs and tests Laboratory tests may show a high white blood cell (WBC) count (a marker of infection) and increased acid in the bloodstream. Other tests include: Angiogram CT scan of the abdomen None of these tests are foolproof, however. Sometimes the only sure way to diagnose intestinal ischemia is with a surgical procedure.
A colon resection is a surgical procedure that removes part or all of the large intestine. This may be necessary in the treatment of some serious medical conditions including colon cancer . Your doctor(s) may also recommend colon resection for a variety of other conditions including:
• Inflammatory bowel disease
• Actively bleeding arteriovenous (AV) malformations
Sound like getting part or all of your large intestine is a major deal? It is. But you can help achieve best outcomes, and get back to your old routine more quickly, if you plan ahead, communicate with your team, and recruit a great support network.
Good questions to ask your healthcare team as you begin to prepare for surgery include:
• What should I do to prepare for surgery? Should I be following any special diet? Quitting smoking?
• Will my insurance cover all parts of my treatment (surgery, anesthesia, hospitalization, etc)?
• If not, how much will this cost and do you offer...
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