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One of the most common problems seen in a primary care medical practice is low back pain. It accounts for more discomfort, lost work and productivity, and frustration for many patients than any other malady. Some think it is the price we, as humans, pay for walking upright. The lower back is a complex structure made of bone, muscles, connective tissue and nerves that, along with our legs, hold us erect, allow us to bend, run, twist, catch a football, or just lay down and rest. However, once a problem arises, the complexity of its structure makes pain in the lower back difficult to diagnose and treat. The lower back consists of a spinal column from the lumbar region of the mid-back down to the tail bone or coccyx. The spinal column consists of 5 lumbar vertebrae which are cylindrical bony structures with a ring like component behind the cylinder also made of bone. In between the vertebrae are disc shaped cushions filled with a gelatinous central core known as the nucleus pulposis
Abdominal pain can happen along with other treatment side effects:
cramping or bloating
Abdominal pain can be caused by the following breast cancer treatments:
Tykerb (chemical name: lapatinib), a targeted therapy
Faslodex (chemical name: fulvestrant), a hormonal therapy
Bisphosphonates, medicines that strengthen bones and treat osteoporosis, can also cause abdominal pain.
A number of pain medications, including aspirin and other nonsteroid anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) such as Aleve and Celebrex, may cause ulcers, bleeding or holes in the stomach, which leads to abdominal pain.
Managing abdominal pain
If your abdominal pain lasts longer than 24 hours, or gets worse as time passes, call your doctor right away. Your doctor may want you to stop or switch medications to see if that helps ease your pain.
Abdominal pain from diarrhea can be treated with an anti-diarrhea medicine such as Pepto-Bismol (chemical name: bismuth sub...
Abdominal ultrasound is an imaging procedure used to examine the internal organs of the abdomen, including the liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, and kidneys. The blood vessels that lead to some of these organs can also be looked at with ultrasound.
Ultrasound - abdomen; Abdominal sonogram
How the test is performed
An ultrasound machine creates images that allow various organs in the body to be examined. The machine sends out high-frequency sound waves, which reflect off body structures to create a picture. A computer receives these reflected waves and uses them to create a picture. Unlike with x-rays or CT scans, there is no ionizing radiation exposure with this test.
You will be lying down for the procedure. A clear, water-based conducting gel is applied to the skin over the abdomen. This helps with the transmission of the sound waves. A handheld probe called a transducer is then moved over the abdomen.
You may ...
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